Esplorando l’universo degli orologi russi con Vittorio: un viaggio nel tempo e nella tecnologia

Esplorando l’universo degli orologi russi con Vittorio: un viaggio nel tempo e nella tecnologia

Benvenuti nel mondo affascinante degli orologi russi! In un’intervista esclusiva condotta da Andrea, conosciuto come Sovietaly, ci addentriamo nella collezione di Vittorio, un appassionato di orologi russi con una storia coinvolgente da condividere.

Se siete curiosi di esplorare il mondo degli orologi dal tocco russo, preparatevi a un viaggio avvincente che ci porterà attraverso la storia, la tecnologia e l’unicità di questi pezzi.

Il video di questa intervista offre uno sguardo privilegiato sulla passione di Vittorio per gli orologi russi e sulle storie affascinanti dietro a ogni singolo pezzo della sua collezione.


Benvenuti! Se siete appassionati di orologi o semplicemente curiosi di esplorare un mondo unico, siete nel posto giusto. Questo video di Andrea, conosciuto come Sovietaly nel mondo degli orologi, ci porta in un viaggio coinvolgente attraverso la collezione di Vittorio, un amante degli orologi russi con una passione travolgente per la storia e la tecnologia dietro questi incredibili pezzi.


L’intervista di Andrea a Vittorio ci offre uno sguardo ravvicinato sulla passione di Vittorio per gli orologi russi. Dai primi incontri con la lingua russa fino alle sue esperienze in Polonia e in Russia, Vittorio condivide la sua storia personale che si intreccia con la scoperta e la collezione di questi orologi unici.


L’intervista di Andrea a Vittorio è stata un’esperienza avvincente che ci ha portato nel mondo degli orologi russi attraverso gli occhi di un appassionato. Con storie affascinanti, curiosità tecniche e una passione palpabile, Vittorio ci ha introdotti in un universo in cui storia e tecnologia si fondono in modo unico.

Vostok Aurora: A Review of the 70th Anniversary of the October Russian Revolution Commemorative Watch

russian watch Vostok Komandirskie Aurora

The October Revolution of 1917 was a momentous historical event that led to the founding of the Soviet Union. To commemorate the 70th anniversary of this revolution, the Vostok watch factory produced a special model of the Komandirskie watch, called the “Aurora”.

russian watch Vostok Komandirskie Aurora
Vostok Komandirskie Aurora

The watch has a unique dial, with a bronze/brown background featuring the image of the Aurora, the battleship that fired the cannon shot that began the revolution. In the background, which takes up almost the entire dial, is a sky full of small explosions, halfway between cannon shots and fireworks.

This combination of elements is symbolic: on the one hand, it represents the first cannon shot fired by the Aurora, which began the revolution; on the other hand, it represents the celebration and joy that accompanied the event.

The watch is made of stainless steel, with a chrome-plated case and a bi-directional bezel. The movement is mechanical manual, with a Vostok 2414 caliber, which has 17 rubies and 19,800 vibrations per hour. The power reserve is 45 hours.

The watch is a collector’s item, combining a unique design with an important historical significance. It is perfect for fans of Soviet watches or of the history of the October Revolution.

Information about the October Revolution:

The October Revolution was a historical event that took place in Russia in 1917. The revolution led to the fall of the Russian Empire and the founding of the Soviet Union.

The revolution was led by the Bolsheviks, a political group led by Vladimir Lenin. The Bolsheviks were convinced that Russia could be transformed into a socialist society only through a revolution.

The revolution began on November 7, 1917, when the Bolsheviks took control of the city of Petrograd, now St. Petersburg. The Bolsheviks marched towards the Winter Palace, the seat of the imperial government, and captured it.

The October Revolution had a significant impact on world history. It led to the birth of the first socialist state and helped to spread socialist ideas around the world.

Information about the Aurora:

The Aurora was a Russian battleship that was built in 1903. The ship was used during World War I and the Russian Civil War.

The Aurora is famous for firing the cannon shot that began the October Revolution. The cannon shot was fired on November 7, 1917, from a distance of about 2 kilometers from the Winter Palace.

The Aurora is now a museum, located in St. Petersburg.

Vostok Amphibia 470303: An Icon of the ’80s at Garbagnate’s Flea Market

orologio vostok amphibia 470303 2409

Vostok Amphibia 470303: A Soviet Relic at Garbagnate‘s Secondhand Market

orologio vostok amphibia 470303 2409
orologio vostok amphibia 470303 2409

Are you passionate about vintage watches and history? The Vostok Amphibia 470303 is an authentic historical piece, its story intertwining with the late ’80s and early ’90s. Found at the bustling secondhand market in Garbagnate Milanese, this Soviet watch is a gem waiting to be discovered by precision and aesthetics enthusiasts.

Technical Information – Caliber 2409a with 17 Jewels

The heart of this watch is its caliber 2409a, a manual movement with 17 jewels ensuring reliability and precision. Waterproof up to 200 meters, it features a screw-down crown and soft iron antimagnetic protection. Its bidirectional rotating bezel makes it practical and functional for outdoor enthusiasts.

Wostok_2409 Rannft (C)
Vostok_2409 Rannft (C)

Design and Exclusive Details

The silver metallic dial with the distinctive blue ‘Maltese cross’ offers timeless elegance. Dark Amphibia arrow-style hands and a red second hand add a touch of originality. It’s worth noting that a modern copy of this dial does not feature the ‘antimagnetic’ inscription.

orologio vostok amphibia 470303 2409
orologio vostok amphibia 470303 2409

Historical Trivia: Antimagnetism in Watchmaking

The history of antimagnetism in watches is fascinating. Although it’s not clear who invented the first antimagnetic wristwatch, models like the 1940s IWC Pilot’s Watch Mark XI and later iterations by Omega, Rolex, and Jaeger-LeCoultre introduced robust and functional antimagnetic versions.

If you’re seeking a relic from the Soviet era that embodies stories and precision, the Vostok Amphibia 470303 is an unmissable option. It merges vintage aesthetics with modern functionality, making it a one-of-a-kind piece.

Technical Specifications

Vostok Amphibia 470

Reference: 470303 Production: Late ’80s to early ’90s Caliber: 2409A with 17 jewels Winding: Manual Water Resistance: Up to 200m Crown: Screw-down Dial: Silver metallic with a blue ‘Maltese cross,’ dark Amphibia arrow-style hands Antimagnetic Protection: Soft iron Bezel: Bidirectional rotating Versions: ‘Boctok’ for domestic market, ‘Wostok’ for export

Caliber Technical Data:

Diameter: 10.75 / 11.5”’, Dm= 24.0 / 25.65mm Thickness: H= 3.6mm Jewels: 17 Frequency: 19800 A/h Power Reserve: 45 hours

Exclusive Wide Selection of Vostok Amphibian Classic – Discover Model 170510 on Meranom

Experience the timeless elegance of the Vostok Amphibian Classic 170510 at Meranom! Marrying classic design with impeccable precision, this new model epitomizes Russian watchmaking craftsmanship. With unique features and reliable construction, it’s the perfect companion for quality watch enthusiasts. Explore the extensive range at Meranom and add an authentic touch to your style with the Vostok Amphibian Classic 170510. Click here to explore this exclusive collection and find the model that perfectly fits your personal taste.


Exploring the Timeless Appeal of Soviet Watches: A Dive into Timepiece History

soviet watch slava perestroika

Unveiling the Legacy: A Journey into the World of Soviet Watches

Soviet watches stand as relics of a bygone era, encapsulating the heritage of craftsmanship and innovation. They’re not just timekeepers but symbols of a unique era that captivates both collectors and enthusiasts worldwide. Within the realm of horology, Soviet watches carve out a distinct identity, appealing to those who seek history on their wrists.

russian pocket watch molnija

The Timeless Allure of Authentic Soviet Watches

Authentic Soviet watches possess a mystique that transcends time. Crafted with precision and imbued with historical significance, these timepieces mirror the essence of an era long past. From the iconic Raketa to the enduring designs of Poljot, each watch narrates a story of Soviet artistry and engineering prowess.

soviet watch Vostok Komandirskie 1 serie Navy
Vostok Komandirskie 1 serie Navy

Exploring Soviet Watches: A Historical Perspective

Soviet watches are not just accessories; they’re portals to history. They chronicle a period of technological advancement and cultural significance. The 24-hour dials, distinct designs, and enduring durability showcase the ingenuity of Soviet craftsmanship, making each watch a timeless artifact.

soviet watch Vostok Komandirskie Great Patriotic War
Vostok Komandirskie Great Patriotic War

Acquiring Authentic Soviet Watches: Tips and Insights

When venturing into acquiring Soviet watches, authenticity is paramount. Comprehensive research through reputable sources like SovietAly ensures a reliable purchase. Understanding the nuances in design, movement, and historical context aids in discerning genuine timepieces from replicas or alterations.

commemorative soviet watch 60 years of USSR
Zim 60 years of USSR

Conclusion: Embracing the Soviet Watch Legacy

Soviet watches continue to fascinate and captivate horology enthusiasts with their enduring appeal. Their ability to bridge the past with the present makes them not just timekeepers but living testaments to a remarkable era. Embrace the allure, history, and craftsmanship of Soviet watches and own a piece of a legacy that stands the test of time.

Vostok Komandirskie: A Journey into the World of the Russian Armed Forces

Orologio Vostok Komandirskie 819639

Vostok Komandirskie: Symbols of Russian History and Identity

Vostok Komandirskie watches are tangible testaments to Russian history, produced since the 1980s and still made in the Chistopol factory. In addition to being a piece of history, these watches embody the identity and pride of Russia through the emblems of important entities.

The Emblems of Vostok Komandirskie

Orologi Vostok Komandirskie 819630
Orologi Vostok Komandirskie 819630
Orologio Vostok Komandirskie 819633
Orologio Vostok Komandirskie 819633
Orologio Vostok Komandirskie 819639
Orologio Vostok Komandirskie 819639

Vostok Komandirskie 819630 (ВДВ): This model features the emblem of the ВДВ (Воздушно-десантные войска), the Russian airborne forces. This acronym is transliterated as Vozdushno-desantnye voyska. Buy it here.

Vostok Komandirskie 819633 (ПВРФ): Here we find the central emblem of the ПВРФ (Пограничная служба Федеральной службы безопасности Российской Федерации), the border service of the Russian Federation, transliterated as Pogranichnaya sluzhba Federalnoy sluzhby bezopasnosti Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Buy it here.

Vostok Komandirskie 819639 (МЧС РФ): This model features the central emblem of the МЧС РФ (Министерство Российской Федерации по делам гражданской обороны), the Ministry for Civil Defence Affairs of the Russian Federation, transliterated as Ministerstvo Rossiyskoy Federatsii po delam grazhdanskoy oborony. Buy it here.

Vostok Komandirskie: Historic and Contemporary

The history of Vostok Komandirskie watches dates back to the 1980s, but their production continues to reflect Russian heritage. On, you can explore these iconic watches with the emblems of the ВДВ, ПВРФ and МЧС РФ, authentic symbols of Russian history and identity.

Were you looking for Soviet Italy or just Soviet? No worries! This is the Sovietaly website.

logo sovietaly TM sfondo bianco

If you’re a devoted collector of Soviet watches and you’ve been searching online for the “Sovietaly” channel and website, you may have noticed that some individuals tend to type “Soviet Italy” or “Soviet Itali” instead. No worries, you’re in the right place! In this article, we’ll delve into the backstory of this distinctive name and guide you on how to easily locate us on the web, even if you’ve used a different spelling.

Origin of the Name Sovietaly

“Sovietaly” is a combination of two meaningful words: “Soviet” and “Italy.” This name was created by an Italian collector of Russian and Soviet watches who manages a TikTok channel and a YouTube channel dedicated to the passion for Soviet watchmaking. But why this choice of name?

Soviet: This part of the name pays homage to the world of Soviet watches. The Soviet Union was famous for producing high-quality and reliable watches that continue to fascinate watch enthusiasts worldwide. Soviet watchmaking has a rich and fascinating history and is an endless source of collectibles.

Italy: This part of the name represents the Italian pride of the channel and website’s creator. Being Italian, the collector wanted to emphasize their origin, promoting the passion for Soviet watches within the Italian and international watch community.

How to Find Us Online

Now that you know the origin of the name “Sovietaly,” you understand that it’s a combination of “Soviet” and “Italy” that reflects the passion for Soviet watches and the Italian pride of the creator. But how can you easily find us online, even if you’ve written “Soviet Italy” or “Soviet Itali”?

Here are some tips to improve your search:

Sovietaly on Google: If you’ve searched for “Soviet Italy” on Google, be sure to include “Sovietaly” in your search. For example, type “Sovietaly Soviet watches” to quickly find the channel and website.

Sovietaly on YouTube and TikTok: If you’re looking for video content from the channel, search directly for “Sovietaly” on YouTube and TikTok. You’ll find interesting videos about Soviet watchmaking and the host’s passions.

Use Synonyms: If you have difficulty remembering the exact name, search using synonyms like “Italian Soviet watches” or “Italian collector of Russian watches.”

Follow Us on Social Media: To stay updated on the latest news and new content related to Soviet watches, follow Sovietaly on social media platforms such as Instagram, Facebook, and TikTok.

In conclusion, if you searched for “Soviet Italy” or “Soviet Itali” and ended up on this page, now you know that “Sovietaly” is the correct name. This unique name reflects the passion for Soviet watches and the Italian pride of the channel and website’s creator. So, continue to explore Sovietaly’s content and join the community of Soviet watch enthusiasts. No matter how you spell it, we are here to share with you the beauty and history of these extraordinary timepieces.

Radio Room Clock: What It Is and How It Works

Vostok Amphibia Radio Room watch

The radio room clock is a special shipboard clock used in the radio rooms of ships. Its purpose is to indicate periods of radio silence, during which it is forbidden to transmit or receive radio signals.

Why is radio silence necessary?

Radio silence is necessary to avoid interference with the transmissions of other ships or radio stations. These interferences can cause communication, navigation, or safety problems.

How does the radio room clock work?

The dial of the radio room clock is divided into two colored sectors: red for telegraph silence and green (or a different shade of red) for radio silence..

  • Telegraph silence lasts three minutes and starts 15 and 45 minutes after each hour.
  • Radio silence lasts three minutes and starts 0 and 30 minutes after each hour.

A curiosity

An ancient seafaring legend tells that, in the past, sailors used another technique to indicate periods of radio silence. This technique consisted of ringing a bell three times, at three-minute intervals.


The radio room clock is an important tool to ensure the safety and efficiency of radio communications at sea.

Other details

In addition to its main function of indicating periods of radio silence, the radio room clock can also be used to indicate the current time, date, and position of the ship.

Some radio room clocks also have additional features, such as a chronograph or a timer.

The radio room clock is an iconic object in maritime culture. It is a symbol of tradition and innovation, and it represents the importance of radio communications for navigation.

Additional details

The radio room clock is typically located in the radio room of a ship. It is used by the ship’s radio operators to ensure that they do not transmit or receive radio signals during periods of radio silence.

The radio room clock is a relatively simple device, but it is an essential part of maritime safety. It helps to ensure that ships can communicate effectively with each other and with shore stations, and it helps to prevent accidents and collisions at sea.

Vostok Komandirskie 436942 EMERCOM Watch Review

Vostok Komandirskie 436942 EMERCOM


In this article, I will review the Vostok Komandirskie 436942, a classic model produced by the Chistopol factory in Russia. The watch is available for purchase on the online store, an authorized dealer of Vostok watches.

Technical specifications

The watch has a brass case with a new type of titanium oxocarbonitride coating that gives it a pleasant matte gray metallic appearance. The dial is matte black with the Cyrillic abbreviation “мчс России” which means Ministry of Emergency Situations and the English word “EMERCOM”.

Vostok Komandirskie 436942 EMERCOM

The dial also features a compass rose. The steel caseback features the double-headed eagle, the symbol of the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations.

Vostok Komandirskie 436942 EMERCOM
Vostok Komandirskie 436942 EMERCOM

It is powered by a Vostok 2414 manual-winding movement with 17 jewels. The power reserve is 36 hours and the recommended service interval is every 10 years. The watch has a thermoformed acrylic crystal and a water resistance rating of 20 meters.

Vostok Komandirskie 436942 EMERCOM
Vostok Komandirskie 436942 EMERCOM

Relationship with the Ministry of Emergency Situations

The Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations is a government agency responsible for dealing with natural and man-made disasters. The Vostok Komandirskie 436942 is a commemorative model of the ministry.

mchs Emercom russian patch
mchs Emercom russian patch

Value for money

The Vostok Komandirskie 436942 offers excellent value for money. The watch is well-built and has a classic design. The purchase price is less than $60. The price may vary over time.

It is possible to purchase this watch by clicking on the image below to support content creation:


The Vostok Komandirskie 436942 is an excellent choice for anyone looking for a classic and reliable watch at an affordable price.

Follow me on TikTok

If you enjoyed this review, I invite you to follow my TikTok channel, where I talk about Soviet watches and other objects related to the history and culture of the Soviet Union.


Raketa World Timer: Let’s Explore the World Together!

russian watch Raketa World Time

The Raketa World Timer watch is seriously cool because it allows you to time travel without leaving your couch. With this city bezel, you can see what time it is around the world with just one glance. In this article, we’ll take a look at the cities that stand out on the Raketa watch and find out their current names, time zones, and some cool tourist tidbits.

russian watch Raketa World Time
Raketa World Time

London (Лондон)

Country: United Kingdom

Time Zone: GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) +0

London is a brilliant city in the United Kingdom. There’s Big Ben, the Queen, and loads of history.

Geneva (Женева)

Country: Switzerland

Time Zone: CET (Central European Time) +1

Geneva is where all the banks and diplomacy stuff happens. Oh, and there’s a stunning lake too.

Moscow (Москва)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: MSK (Moscow Standard Time) +3

Moscow is the Russian capital with Red Square and the Kremlin. So much history!

Gorky (Горький)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: MSK (Moscow Standard Time) +3

Gorky, now called Nizhny Novgorod, is famous for its ancient architecture and great views.

Sverdlovsk (Свердловск)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: MSK (Moscow Standard Time) +3

Sverdlovsk, now Ekaterinburg, is another Russian city known for its history and old stuff.

Tashkent (Ташкент)

Country: Uzbekistan

Time Zone: UZT (Uzbekistan Time) +5

Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan, with delicious food and interesting history.

Novosibirsk (Новосибирск)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: KRAT (Krasnoyarsk Time) +7

Novosibirsk is the biggest city in Siberia and it’s famous for its entertainment and culture.

Irkutsk (Иркутск)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: IRKT (Irkutsk Time) +8

Irkutsk is near Lake Baikal and it’s perfect for nature lovers.

Yakutsk (Якутск)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: YAKT (Yakutsk Time) +9

Yakutsk is one of the coldest cities in the world, so be ready for some serious cold!

Vladivostok (Владивосток)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: VLAT (Vladivostok Time) +10

Vladivostok is a seaport city in the Russian Far East, with a super important location.

Magadan (Магадан)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: MAGT (Magadan Time) +11

Magadan is famous for its history connected to forced labor camps.

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy (Петропавловск-Камчатский)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: PETT (Kamchatka Time) +12

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy is located on a peninsula with volcanoes – super cool!

Anadyr (Анадырь)

Country: Russia

Time Zone: ANAT (Anadyr Time) +12

Anadyr is in the Chukotka region, really far away.

Samoa (Apia)

Country: Samoa

Time Zone: WST (West Samoa Time) +13

Samoa is a tropical paradise with fantastic beaches and Polynesian culture.

Honolulu (Гонолулу)

Country: United States (Hawaii)

Time Zone: HST (Hawaii Standard Time) -10

Honolulu is the capital of Hawaii, with wonderful beaches and a laid-back atmosphere.

Alaska (Аляска)

Country: United States (Alaska)

Time Zone: AKST (Alaska Standard Time) -9

Alaska is amazing with its breathtaking nature and outdoor adventures.

San Francisco (Сан-Франциско)

Country: United States (California)

Time Zone: PST (Pacific Standard Time) -8

San Francisco has the Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz, and delicious food.

Denver (Денвер)

Country: United States (Colorado)

Time Zone: MST (Mountain Standard Time) -7

Denver is growing big time and it’s surrounded by the Rocky Mountains. Awesome!

Chicago (Чикаго)

Country: United States (Illinois)

Time Zone: CST (Central Standard Time) -6

Chicago is famous for its architecture, blues music, and incredible food.

New York (Нью-Йорк)

Country: United States (New York)

Time Zone: EST (Eastern Standard Time) -5

New York is the city that never sleeps, with skyscrapers, world-class museums, and wild nightlife.

Buenos Aires (Буэнос-Айрес)

Country: Argentina

Time Zone: ART (Argentina Time) -3

Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina, famous for tango and great food.

Rio de Janeiro (Рио-де-Жанейро)

Country: Brazil

Time Zone: BRT (Brasília Time) -3

Rio de Janeiro has stunning beaches, Carnival, and a laid-back atmosphere.

Reykjavik (Рейкьявик)

Country: Iceland

Time Zone: GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) +0

Reykjavik is the capital of Iceland, surrounded by incredible natural landscapes.

Dakar (Дакар)

Country: Senegal

Time Zone: GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) +0

Dakar is the capital of Senegal, with African culture and fantastic music.

With the Raketa World Timer watch, you can travel through these amazing cities without leaving your home. Whether you’re a watch enthusiast or an explorer at heart, this watch is perfect for you. Discover the world in style!

russian watch Raketa World Time
Raketa World Time
russian watch Raketa World Time
Raketa World Time

How to read a Raketa 24h watch: a comprehensive guide

russian watch Raketa 24h Marine

How to read a Raketa 24h watch

Raketa 24h watches are a type of mechanical watch produced by the Raketa factory in St. Petersburg, Russia. These watches are characterized by a 24-hour dial instead of the usual 12-hour dial.

russian watch Raketa 24h Marine
Raketa 24h Marine

How the hour hand works

The hour hand on a Raketa 24h watch is the longest hand and is located in the center of the dial. The hour hand completes one full rotation in 24 hours, from midnight to midnight.

To read the time on a Raketa 24h watch, you need to identify the index on the dial that corresponds to the position of the hour hand. The index indicates the time of day.

For example, if the hour hand is at the 12 o’clock index, it is midnight. If the hour hand is at the 6 o’clock index, it is 6:00 am. If the hour hand is at the 18 o’clock index, it is 6:00 pm.

russian watch Raketa 24h Zestril
Raketa 24h Zestril

How the minute hand works

The minute hand on a Raketa 24h watch is the shortest hand and is located in the center of the dial, next to the hour hand. The minute hand completes one full rotation in 60 minutes.

To read the minutes on a Raketa 24h watch, you need to identify the number on the dial that corresponds to the position of the minute hand. The number indicates the minutes of the day.

For example, if the minute hand is at the 12 o’clock index, it is 00:00. If the minute hand is at the 6 o’clock index, it is 00:30. If the minute hand is at the 18 o’clock index, it is 06:00.

Soviet and Russian Raketa 24h watches

Raketa 24h watches were often used in closed environments or above the Arctic Circle, when it is not possible to accurately determine the time of day by observing the sun.

In fact, above the Arctic Circle, the sun never sets during the summer and never rises during the winter. In these cases, a Raketa 24h watch is the only way to know the correct time.

russian watch Raketa 24h Red Star
Raketa 24h Soviet navy

Raketa Big Zero Geiger: The Soviet Watch with a Secret History

Raketa Caution Contact Gaigher

Raketa watches have long been a significant part of Russian watchmaking history, with a legacy spanning decades. But among all the variations produced by Raketa, the Raketa Big Zero Geiger stands out as a unique and mysterious specimen. In this article, we will explore the history of this distinctive watch, its connection to Italy, and the curious error in the name “Geigher.” We will also discover why the Raketa Big Zero Geiger has become such a sought-after item among collectors.

Raketa Caution Contact Gaigher
Raketa Caution Contact Gaigher

The History of Raketa Big Zero Geiger

The Soviet Raketa Big Zero Watch

To fully understand the history of the Raketa Big Zero Geiger, we must first examine the base model: the Raketa Big Zero. This watch was produced in the Soviet Union by the Raketa company (which means “comet” in Russian) and became quite popular in the 1980s. It was known for its clean design, robustness, and the reliability of its mechanical movement.

The name “Big Zero” comes from the position of the “12” numeral on the watch, which was replaced with a large zero, giving the watch a distinctive appearance. This minimalist style was typical of the Soviet era, where form followed function without frills.

Arrival in Italy

The story of the Raketa Big Zero Geiger intertwines with the importation of these watches into Italy. In the late 1980s, an Italian watch import company known as “Mirabilia” began importing Raketa watches into Italy. However, they are said to have done something unusual. Mirabilia appears to have assembled these watches in Italy using original Raketa Big Zero parts but with a unique local touch.

The Error in the Name: “Geigher” instead of “Geiger”

The most interesting aspect of this story is the name “Geigher” instead of “Geiger.” The error appears to be deliberate and may have been made to avoid potential issues related to the name “Geiger.” The name “Geiger” is closely associated with a Geiger counter, a device used to measure radioactivity. At a time when sensitivity to radioactivity was high due to events like the Chernobyl incident in 1986, it may have been prudent to avoid any potentially negative associations.

The Two Variants of Raketa Big Zero Geiger

The Raketa Big Zero Geiger comes in two main variants. The first features a black and ochre color combination, while the second has a black and gray combination. Both versions are extremely rare and highly sought after by vintage watch collectors.

russian watch Raketa Caution Contact Gaigher
Raketa Caution Contact Gaigher

The Appeal of Raketa Big Zero Geiger for Collectors

The Raketa Big Zero Geiger watch has gained significant fame among collectors for several reasons. Firstly, its rarity makes it a coveted item for those seeking unique and hard-to-find pieces. The combination of an original Raketa watch with the added Italian touch creates a fascinating story.

Furthermore, the mystery surrounding the error in the name “Geigher” adds further intrigue. The theory that the error might have been intentional to avoid unwanted associations adds an element of intriguing speculation.

Anecdotes and Curiosities about Raketa Big Zero Geiger

To complete our exploration of the Raketa Big Zero Geiger, let’s share some interesting anecdotes and curiosities related to this watch:

  1. The Identity of Mirabilia: The company Mirabilia, which imported these watches into Italy and assembled them, has maintained relative secrecy about its operation. Their identity and the motivations behind producing these watches remain a mystery.
  2. The Collector’s Market: In the watch collector’s market, a well-preserved Raketa Big Zero Geiger can fetch considerable prices. Collectors seek not only the black and ochre version but also the rare black and gray variant.
  3. The “Geigher” Error: The name error has become a distinctive feature of these watches. The theory that it might have been made intentionally to avoid controversies is just one of many circulating speculations.

In conclusion, the Raketa Big Zero Geiger is a unique piece of watchmaking history. Its complex history, the connection between the Soviet Union and Italy, the name error, and its rarity make it a cult object for collectors worldwide. So, if you’re fortunate enough to come across one of these watches, hold onto it tightly – you have in your hands a piece of watchmaking history with a story all its own.

Vostok 18th Long-Range Tactical Missile Division.

Holographic Vostok Komandirskie Watch
Holographic Vostok Komandirskie Watch
Vostok 18th Division TAPKR SN

The 18th Long-Range Tactical Missile Division of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, abbreviated as the 18-я дивизия ТРПК (Тактическое ракетное противостояние), is a specialized military unit dedicated to the management and deployment of long-range ballistic missiles. This division plays a significant role in Russia’s national defense and strategic security.

The primary objective of the 18th Long-Range Tactical Missile Division is to ensure a swift and powerful response to external threats. Equipped with state-of-the-art intercontinental ballistic missiles, the division can be deployed across various operational bases within Russian territory.

The division’s operations demand a high level of training and technical expertise. Specialists within the 18th Division must possess advanced qualifications in missile management, strategic planning, and constant surveillance of potential threats. The division’s personnel are continuously engaged in exercises and simulations to maintain elevated standards of operational preparedness.

As one of the numerous units within the Russian Armed Forces, the 18th Long-Range Tactical Missile Division contributes to nuclear deterrence and national security. Its presence and capabilities serve as a deterrent and a stabilizing factor in global geopolitics.

It is important to emphasize that this text aims to provide neutral and objective information about the 18th Long-Range Tactical Missile Division of the Russian Armed Forces. There are no patriotic or political intentions; rather, the goal is to offer a general description of the unit and its strategic role within the Russian military context.

Russian Watches and the Cooperatives of Petrodvorets Watch Factory

russian watch Raketa PM - ВМФ СССР

Why are there Raketa watches without the Raketa inscription?

In some cases, it is possible to find watches without the Raketa inscription, but they are produced by the cooperatives of the PWF (Petrodvorets Watch Factory). I have also had the opportunity to encounter them and have several specimens in my collection. These watches are authentic Raketa timepieces, sometimes very unique due to dials made of stone or meticulously crafted designs.

The cooperatives of the Petrodvorets Watch Factory.

During the Perestroika, three cooperatives were established:

  • Ренессанс (Renaissance)
  • Престиж (Prestige)
  • Петергофские Мастера (Peterhof Masters (PM))

In the watch models produced by these cooperatives, the Raketa brand is not featured, despite them being actual Raketa watches. The dials are consistently of high quality and exhibit impeccable craftsmanship.

The Confirmation by Alexander Brodnikovsky

Alexander Brodnikovsky

As confirmation of what we already knew, at the beginning of 2021, I came across a post by Александр Бродниковский (Alexander Brodnikovsky) that stated the following:

“Часы «Атомный Ледокол Ямал» с одинарным календарем на базе механизма «Плоская Россия» 2614.Н кооператива «Петергофские Мастера».”

Во второй половине 1980-х годов в Советском Союзе Михаил Сергеевич Горбачев провозгласил перестройку и объявил, что можно организовывать кооперативы. На базе Петродворцового Часового Завода образовалось 3 кооператива: Ренессанс, Престиж и Петергофские Мастера.
1-й кооператив-«Ренессанс». Специализировался на наручных (механические и кварцевые) и карманных часах с каменными циферблатами из нефрита, яшмы и малахита.
2-й кооператив-«Престиж». Специализировался на часах с необычной зеркальной накладкой.
3-й кооператив-«Петергофские Мастера». Специализировался на часах с печатными циферблатами на разные темы.

The translated text

“Watches ‘Atomic Icebreaker Yamal’ with a single calendar based on the mechanism ‘Flat Russia’ 2614.N of the cooperative ‘Peterhof Masters’.”

In the second half of the 1980s, Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev proclaimed perestroika in the Soviet Union and declared that cooperatives could be organized. Based on the Petrodvorets Watch Factory, three cooperatives were formed: Renaissance, Prestige, and Peterhof Masters.
The first cooperative, Renaissance, specialized in wristwatches (mechanical and quartz) and pocket watches with stone dials made of jade, jasper, and malachite.
The second cooperative, Prestige, specialized in watches with an unusual mirror overlay.
The third cooperative, Peterhof Masters, specialized in watches with printed dials on various themes.

As highlighted in the text, and understandable to those who understand Russian, the creation of work cooperatives was permitted during the Perestroika.

The Cooperatives

We are talking about watches created in the late ’80s and early ’90s. As can be inferred from the text, each cooperative had its own specialization.

The Renaissance Cooperative

Specialized in wristwatches and pocket watches, both mechanical and quartz, with dials made of semiprecious stones such as jade, jasper, and malachite. Personally, I would also add nephrite to the stones crafted by the cooperative.

soviet watch Raketa Big Zero Nephrite
Raketa Big Zero Nephrite

The Prestige cooperative

Specialized in watches with an unusual mirror dial. They are unique and very beautiful.

Prestige raketa atch cooperative
Prestige raketa atch cooperative

The Peterhof Masters (PM) cooperative

specialized in watches with high-quality printed dials on various themes.

Peterhof Masters Raketa cooperative 2609 VMF front
Peterhof Masters Raketa cooperative 2609 VMF front

The Context

I hope it is now clearer why there are some Raketa watches with other brands. They are not extremely rare timepieces, but they are not so common to be found every day on auction sites either. Personally, I believe it is worth seeking to have at least one of these watches in your collection. They tell a story of a very unique historical moment and the transition from a centrally planned economy like the Soviet one to a more liberal system.

Pobeda Lunochod 1. Is the dial real or fake?

fake Zim Pobeda Lunochod I 1970 front

Is the commemorative dial of the Soviet rover Lunochod 1 real or fake?

The answer is very simple, in my opinion the commemorative dial of the Pobeda Lunokhod 1 is a FAKE.

Today, another collector contacted me asking for information about a watch with the commemorative dial of the Lunokhod 1 rover.


Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1

What you can see above is one of the many models available for sale online with this dial. The dials, with perhaps a couple of exceptions, are all identical, only the case model varies.

The watch is a common Zim Pobeda powered by a Pobeda 2602 caliber with an inexpensive thin steel stop-seconds mechanism. As mentioned before, there are as many versions of this watch as there are existing Zim Pobeda cases.

What makes it so sought after?

Russian and Soviet space-themed watches have always been highly sought after. They were one of the Soviet Union’s flagship items, which used them frequently as internal and external propaganda. I myself avidly collect commemorative watches from the Soviet and Russian space race. It is therefore normal for a collector with limited experience to be attracted to “made in USSR” and space-themed items. After all, the Lunokhod was the first remotely controlled rover to land on another celestial body.

The Lunokhod Rovers

There is a wealth of information that can be found on the internet in Italian, English, and of course, Russian. Needless to say, we can briefly say that Lunokhod (Луноход in Russian) is the name of four Soviet remotely controlled rovers intended for lunar exploration.

Lunochod 1

The Soviet Lunokhod 1 was the first remote-controlled lunar rover to explore the surface of the moon. It was launched by the Soviet Union on November 10, 1970, and landed on the moon on November 17. Lunokhod 1 was designed to explore the lunar surface, analyze its soil and study the moon’s magnetic field.

Lunokhod 1 was controlled by a team of scientists and engineers on Earth through a complex system of radio communication. It was equipped with a number of scientific instruments, including a spectrometer, a penetrometer, and an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, which allowed it to study the chemical composition of the lunar soil.

The rover traveled a total distance of 10.5 km (6.5 miles) during its mission, which lasted 11 months. It also took over 20,000 television images of the lunar surface, which provided valuable information about the moon’s geology and topography.

The success of Lunokhod 1 paved the way for future lunar exploration missions and demonstrated the capabilities of remote-controlled rovers in exploring the moon. The rover’s legacy lives on as a symbol of the Soviet Union’s pioneering spirit in space exploration and its contribution to our understanding of the universe

Lunochod 2

Lunokhod 2 was a Soviet lunar rover that was launched on January 8, 1973, aboard a Proton-K rocket. It was the second of two unmanned missions in the Lunokhod program, following the successful landing of Lunokhod 1 in November 1970. The main goal of the Lunokhod program was to explore the Moon’s surface and conduct scientific experiments.

Lunokhod 2 was equipped with a range of instruments, including a drill for collecting soil samples, a spectrometer for analyzing the chemical composition of the Moon’s surface, and a laser reflector for measuring the distance between the Earth and the Moon. The rover was controlled remotely from the Soviet Union using a series of commands that were transmitted to it via radio signals.

Over the course of its four-month mission, Lunokhod 2 covered a distance of 37 kilometers and transmitted more than 80,000 images back to Earth. It was the first rover to travel to the Moon’s hilly and mountainous regions, including the Apennine Mountains and the Leibnitz Mountains. The data and images collected by Lunokhod 2 provided valuable insights into the Moon’s geology and helped to advance our understanding of the Earth’s nearest celestial neighbor.

Despite the success of the Lunokhod program, it was eventually discontinued due to funding issues and the shift in focus towards human space exploration.

Lunochod 3

Lunokhod 3 was never launched and is currently in a museum in Moscow.

And the fourth?

The first Lunokhod was destroyed along with the carrier during the failed attempt in 1969.

Why is the Pobeda Lunokhod 1 dial a FAKE?

There are many reasons. First of all, as far as I know, Soviet watch catalogs do not feature any wristwatches dedicated to Lunokhod rovers. Secondly, the watches, cases, and mechanisms should be older than they are since the moon landing occurred in 1970, a period when the watches were different from the one in the photo. Third, there are too many of them, and they are all in perfect condition. Lastly, but not least, upon closer inspection, the dial has characteristics that suggest an ink print. Regarding this last point, it is possible to better understand by looking at some details of the dial.

Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 - dial
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 – dial

fake Zim Pobeda detail
fake Zim Pobeda Lunochod 1 1970 detail

fake Zim Pobeda detail
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 – detail

The use of black and white is definitely clever as it allows for better printing on uniform surfaces, but the indexes suffer where you can see the mixture of colors.

Therefore, I would say without much doubt or reconsideration that it is an ink print made with equipment that is definitely not for domestic use but still a print. Upon closer inspection, even the dial, in its arrangement, colors, and fonts, is not very “Soviet”. The inscriptions are not concentric, the Cyrillic inscription “Made in USSR” prominently displayed on the dial, and the approximate profile of the Lunokhod only confirm my hypothesis of the dial’s inauthenticity.

Description of the Pobeda Lunokhod 1 watch:

The rest of the watch in my possession is a classic Zim Pobeda. The case is generally not highly appreciated by collectors, made of chromed brass. The minute and second hands are silver-colored, as well as the small seconds hand.

Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 - back
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 – back

Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 - caliber
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 – caliber

The finishing of the caliber 2602 is similar to that of the Zim Pobeda watches from the last period, which are very rough and poorly finished. The caliber is held in place in the case by a simple steel ring. Fortunately, it works correctly.


All the above is the result of my analysis and hypotheses and cannot be considered absolute truth. I have never seen these dials printed by anyone or anywhere, so my ideas are based on punctual observations. If what I have written is correct, then I can only advise against purchasing them to avoid promoting an industry that, even if marginal, can profit from producing watches with fake dials.

Russian watch Raketa Muromets

russian watch Raketa Muromets
russian watch Raketa Muromets
Raketa Muromets

Muromets is a legendary hero of Slavic culture, also known as Illya Muromets. His figure has been celebrated in epic poetry and folk tales, making Muromets one of the most iconic characters in Russian tradition. In this article, we will explore the figure of Muromets and his legend, seeking to deepen his importance in Russian culture.

The legend of Muromets has its roots in the 12th century when Kievan Rus was threatened by the incursions of nomads from the steppe. According to the legend, Illya Muromets was a young peasant who, after being paralyzed by an illness, was forced to live as a hermit in a forest. One day, while praying in an abandoned church, he met an old hermit who predicted a great destiny as a warrior for him. The old man told him to eat the grass that grew on the tomb of a warrior, whose spirit would infuse him with the strength and courage necessary to face life’s challenges.

Muromets followed the old man’s advice and, after eating the grass, miraculously recovered. He then decided to serve Prince Vladimir of Kiev and began to distinguish himself for his strength and ability in battle. During his military career, Muromets faced numerous enemies of Rus, including the Tartars and Mongols, becoming a living legend for his courage and skill.

The figure of Muromets has inspired numerous Russian artists and poets over the centuries, giving rise to a vast cultural production that still influences Russian culture today. The character of Muromets is often associated with strength and resilience and is often evoked as a symbol of the resistance of the Russian people against foreign invasions.

In Russian popular culture, Muromets has been represented in numerous ways. In some versions of the legend, he is described as a giant with long legs and a massive body, capable of lifting enormous rocks and facing entire armies alone. In other versions, Muromets is depicted as a cunning and astute warrior, able to defeat enemies thanks to his skill and courage.

The figure of Muromets has been the subject of numerous interpretations over the centuries. Some scholars have suggested that his legend may have been inspired by historical figures such as Prince Vladimir of Kiev or the Viking warrior Rurik, while others have argued that the character of Muromets represents a symbol of the Russian people and their struggle for independence.

In addition to its importance in Russian culture, the figure of Muromets has also influenced the culture of other Slavic nations, such as Serbia and others. His legend has been passed down orally for generations and has influenced literary, artistic, and cultural production in Serbia.

In Serbia, Muromets is known as “Ilija Bircanin,” and his legend has been passed down through popular ballads and epic tales. As in Russian culture, the figure of Ilija Bircanin in Serbia has also been associated with strength and courage and has often been evoked as a symbol of the resistance of the Serbian people against foreign oppression.

Moreover, the legend of Ilija Bircanin has inspired numerous artistic and literary works in Serbia. One of the most famous is the popular ballad “Ilija Bircanin,” which tells the story of how the protagonist, after being wounded in battle, is brought to a Serbian village where he receives care and protection from the local inhabitants. The ballad celebrates the solidarity and generosity of the Serbian people, who are capable of protecting and caring for a foreign warrior.

The figure of Ilija Bircanin has also been represented in works of art, such as paintings and sculptures, and has inspired numerous film and television productions. Additionally, his name has been associated with various Serbian organizations and institutions, such as the Ilija Bircanin School in Belgrade, which aims to educate young Serbian leaders.

In other Slavic nations, such as Bulgaria and Poland, the figure of Muromets has had a similar impact on culture and literary production. In Bulgaria, Muromets is known as “Krali Marko,” and his legend has been passed down through folk ballads and epic tales. Similarly, in Poland, the figure of Muromets has been adopted in popular culture, and his legend has been transmitted through ballads and stories.

In conclusion, the figure of Muromets is a symbol of Slavic culture and resistance against foreign forces. His legend has influenced literary and artistic production in numerous Slavic nations, including Russia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Poland, and has contributed to shaping the collective imagination of these cultures. His importance in Russian culture and that of other Slavic nations is evidenced by his constant presence in the literature, art, and popular culture of these countries.

Minsk, Hero-City of the Great Patriotic War

Minsk, Hero-City of the Great Patriotic War

ZIM watch dedicated to the city of Minsk of the 80s that mounts the proven calibre ZIM 2602 without shockproof. The dial commemorates the 40th anniversary of the end of World War II.

In particular, it honours the city of Minsk, the capital of present-day Belarus, which has been awarded the title of Hero-City.

russian watch zim minsk dial
Zim Minsk Hero-City 1985

13 cities of the Soviet Union, which distinguished themselves for courage and heroism during World War II, received the honorary Soviet title of Hero-City.

A symbolic award attributed to the city that corresponds to the individual honour of Hero of the Soviet Union, which was recognized together with the medal of the Gold Star.

Minsk during the Second World War.

But how did Minsk earn the honour of Hero-City? In June 1941, German troops surrounded the Belarusian city. During the clashes, the Soviet soldiers, despite the strenuous defence, had to yield, in early July. Over 300,000 Soviet soldiers were taken prisoner. The Minsk area became the focus of partisan resistance despite the very high number of civilian casualties during Nazi control.

In 1974, Minsk was awarded the honorary title of Hero-City.

To commemorate the honour today there is an important monument in Victory Square which is today one of the main squares of Minsk.

The monument of victory in Minsk.

The Victory Monument, designed in 1946 and built-in 1954, is the monument visible on the watch face.

It is a 38-meter high obelisk topped by a reproduction of the Order of Victory representing one of the highest Soviet honours.

On the four sides of the pedestal are a series of high reliefs celebrating the exploits of Belarusian civilians and soldiers during Great Patriotic War.

Reliefs present on the base are:

  • Liberation of the motherland
  • Soviet army during the Great Patriotic War
  • Belarusian partisans
  • homage to the heroes who gave their lives for liberation

Under the square was built an underground memorial to pay tribute to the liberators of Belarus. On the walls of the restaurant are engraved the names of 566 people who stood out during the battles against the Nazi soldiers.

The watch

The watch is a classic Zim Pobeda in a rectangular case with rounded sides. On the dial is the Victory Monument with the dates “1945” and “1985” at the base to commemorate the forty years since the end of the war.

russian watch zim minsk
Zim Minsk hero-city

Written “МИНСК ГОРОД-ГЕРОЙ” meaning “Minsk Hero-City” heads the white dial of the watch beside the obelisk. Black hands and small seconds at 6 o’clock. The calibre is the classic 2602 used on many ZIM of the 80s.

russian watch zim minsk 2602 caliber
Zim Minsk Hero-City 1985 calibre 2602


This watch is part of the Sovietaly collection. Please ask for permission to use the photographs of the watch.

Ostwok, a Russian watch pretending to be Swiss.

Ostwok, a Russian watch pretending to be Swiss.

My first encounter with an Ostwok

It goes back several years. I remember very well that a friend of mine showed me a Komandirskie with a strange logo instead of the “B” of Vostok. At the time the Internet was not very widespread and finding information about these mysterious Ostwok was not easy.

He told me that he had ordered it by mail via a form found in a magazine in Switzerland, the country where his father worked. It took me a while to find one for myself.

Here you can see my small collection: Ostwok – Vostok – SOVIETALY™

The brand name Ostwok

Ostwok is evidently Wostok’s anagram. The Vostok mark for German-speaking countries was written with the W in order to be pronounced correctly, the pronunciation of the “V” in German more resembles the Italian “F”. Moreover, perhaps by a simple coincidence, the first three letters of the brand form the word “OST” which in German means “East”, useful to underline that the watch comes from countries of Eastern Europe.

A Swiss or Russian watch?

The most useful information I found in a thread of 2014 on the Italian forum to which we refer the reading and deepening (DIRECT LINK TO THE FORUM) in which we talk about the creation in 1993 of a company based in Switzerland named Ostwok SA. In 2002 the company was officially liquidated after having, as it is said, imported one and a half million Komandirskie watches. One of the unanswered questions is whether the watches were assembled in Switzerland or arrived directly in Switzerland ready to be marketed. There seems to be no certainty about that at the moment.

What is the difference with the Vostok “normal Komandirskie?

From what you can see, apart from the replacement of logos, there are no other obvious variations. The watches are in all respects, including the calibre, the usual Vostok of which you can find the corresponding in the catalogues of the 90s. The choice of models fell in many cases on cases finished tin. Personally, I cannot tell you if the choice of colour starts from tastes related to the market in those years or for commercial issues related to greater availability.

The watches were sold in a specially made kit consisting of a cardboard box in black or grey and a sheet with instructions and warranty indications.

Where to find information

Si trovano in rete informazioni riguardo agli Ostwok ma in maniera abbastanza frammentata e sporadica. Qui di seguito un elenco dei siti internet dove è possibile trovare informazioni:

How to change the date to a Vostok Komandirski

How to change the date to a Vostok Komandirski

It’s a relatively simple operation and knowing how to change the date to a Vostok is always convenient. Since there is no rapid exchange system given you have to operate on the normal daily exchange. This is how it is done:

  1. Remove the winding crown and place it in the position where you normally change the time.
  2. Bring the time forward until a date click occurs and continue until 1:00 AM
  3. Bring the time back until approximately 8:00 PM.
  4. Bring the time forward until it exceeds 12:00 AM, when the date changes.

Repeat the operation until you reach the desired date and you’re done!

Clearly, the delicacy is a must when carrying out the operations described above.

Are there other ways to change the date?

If we exclude stopping the watch until the day of the right month or disassembling the dial and changing the position of the wheel of the date I would say that the answer is clearly no. Although it seems a cumbersome system, for those accustomed even to quartz watches from a few euros to a quick date change, it must be recognized that the system is simple and does not complicate the calibre with additional springs and components.

Change the date, what does the instruction manual say?

Vostok watches that came to Italy in the 1980s were often accompanied by an instruction manual. Blue cover for Komandirskie and red cover for chronographs.

This is what is reported in the instruction manual


Pull the crown out to position 2 and change the date by turning the hands in a clockwise direction.

Push the crown back in (Position 1)


To change the date, follow these steps:

  1. Turn the crown in a counterclockwise direction until the hands read 12 o’clock
  2. Turn the hands in a counterclockwise direction back to 8 o’clock. Move the hands to 12 o’clock to advance the date by one day. Tepeat this operation until the desired date has been reached.


Before following the steps for quick date settings, be sure that the watch is fully wound.

How do you change the date in the modern Vostok Komandirskie?

The answer is always the same in general since the calibre used is always the same 2414 manual of the Soviet era. Other calibres have also been included in modern production, so the above instructions may not work. Please refer to the instruction manual provided with the watch to make the various adjustments including the date change.

Instructions from eBay

manuale istruzioni vostok komandirskie fornito insieme ad alcuni orologi acquistati su ebay

Interesting to know that you happen to receive a leaflet of instructions along with the watches purchased on eBay along with the Vostok watches. It is a simple A5 sheet that shows in English the basic instructions for use and adjustment of the most common Vostok calibres such as 2414.

On the leaflet, under “UPDATING OF A CALENDAR” you will find the following instructions in English:

Set the winding head into position 3. Set the correct date by turning watch head clockwise. After that, set the winding head into position 1.

The instructions on how to change the date are not very precise and above all do not correspond to the instructions given by the manual. It is then suggested to continue to change the time by continuing to turn clockwise in order to take advantage of the normal date change of the watch.

I would be very curious to know if there are other manuals or other methods to change the date in the Vostok Komandirskie. If anyone had any other information, I would ask very kindly to share it.

Il-2 Shturmivk. An Ilyushin Fighter in Samara?

Il-2 Shturmivk. An Ilyushin Fighter in Samara?

In Samara there is an important monument made with a fighter Il-2 Shturmovik. is located in one of the most important squares of the city and has a very curious history.

monument of aircraft Il-2 in Samara

The Ilyushin Il-2 Šturmovik (NATO Bark code) was a single-engined low-wing attack engine produced in more than 26,000 units and widely used during World War II. For its great versatility, it proved to be one of the decisive aerial resources in combat.

The ZIM watch

On the dial of this ZIM watch, commemorating the 400 years of the city of Samara, you can read the inscription “400 лет Куйбышев”. In the upper part there is a stylized drawing of the monument made using a real restored Il-2.

Zim 400 years Kuybichev – Il-2 monument

It is one of the main monuments of the city of Samara famous for both the monument to Glory and the monument dedicated to Chapaev.

The important role played by the city of Samara during the conflict justifies the presence of many monuments commemorating the Second World War.

The monuments of the city of Samara

At the beginning of the war, Many activities that were based in the cities near the war zones were relocated to the easternmost regions of the Soviet Union including the No. 1 factories in Moscow and the No. 18 factory in Voronezh which were moved to Samara which was then called. Kuybichev. Both began mass production of Il-2 in 1941.

The restoration of Il-2

About 25 years after the end of the war it was decided to build a memorial. The search for an Il-2 specimen to be used began. Unfortunately, it was not possible to recover any aircraft that could be used in the factories and hangars of the Soviet Union. A well-preserved specimen was found in the marshes near the town of Murmansk. The old workers of factory no. 18 took care of the restoration of the specimen.

On the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the end of the war, in 1975, the monument with the restored Il-2 was installed in a central square of the city of Samara.


This watch is part of the Sovietaly™ collection. Please ask for permission to use the photographs of the watch.

How accurate are Russian watches, in my opinion.

How accurate are Russian watches, in my opinion.

What is the accuracy of Russian watches? This is one of the most frequent questions I am asked by Russian and Soviet watchmaking enthusiasts.

In forums, in Facebook groups, such as “Russian watches that passion”, or directly by message, I am often asked for opinions about it.

The argument is clearly broad and it is difficult to give a correct answer. What I usually say is, “It depends on what you mean by precision…”

We begin by debunking some myths about the precision of mechanical watches, or rather the calibres of watches, by going to the country of watchmaking by definition, Switzerland.

The C.O.S.C.

The Swiss body responsible for verifying the accuracy of calibres is the C.O.S.C. (Controle Officiel Suisse des Chronomètres) and is certainly the best known and the most nominated by watch enthusiasts.

Marchio svizzero di precisione COSC

It has existed since 1973 and certifies the quality of the calibres when they leave the laboratories of analysis. So be careful, from the analysis laboratories and not from the production cycle of the watch.

As for the accuracy, it must be considered that the movement must have a daily average deviation between -4 and +6 seconds.

The movements are controlled at temperatures of 8, 23 and 38 degrees celsius, with tolerances of +/-1 degree and in different positions for 15 days. If the tests are passed a certificate is issued.

As you can see so we are talking about average discards of a few seconds a day. Often in the common imagination, we imagine precisions much higher and close to absolute precision.

Reducing those few seconds of average deviation and therefore surpassing the “simple” chronometer certification requires a very high design and construction effort and very few calibres succeed.

The Soviet quality mark GOST

Returning to the accuracy of Russian watches we begin by saying that even in the Soviet Union there was a mark of quality of industrial products, including watches, called “ГOСT” (GOST), an acronym that derives from the Russian words Государсвенный Станнадаррр (State Standard).

Marchio sovietico di qualità GOST

Born in 1967 on the official decision of the government of Brezhnev, the goal was to improve the products made in the Soviet Union. It had a duration of three years and the penalties in case of affixing the mark without an effective valid certification were very severe.

The brand is found in watches often on the dial or imprinted on the case back. There are, however, examples where the mark was affixed to the label or outer packaging.

Orologio sovietico raketa con marchio GOST

In hindsight, experts say that one of the main defects of the GOST brand was to certify the product and not the production process. Certifying the production process tends to guarantee a better result at the exit and therefore allows you to be more sure of the goodness of the final result.

How accurate are Russian and Soviet watches

But then, after all this information, how accurate are Russian clocks?

Compared to a Swiss chronometer, not much. The range from -20 to +40 seconds per day at a temperature of 20μ (+/- 5 μa) is typical, for example, of a Vostok 2414A caliber.

The measurements are also shown on the passport that accompanied the watch at the time of sale.

Dettaglio del passaporto di un orologio russo in cui viene indicata la precisione

As you can see then a range that is very different from the parameters of the C.O.S.C.

In certain cases, however, the precision of Russian watches is also the result of a series of fortuitous circumstances. Individual clocks are often very accurate.

Far be it from me to lump everything together, the criteria of production and quality differed greatly, depending on the factories and the period of production. The individual calibres are also in some cases more accurate than others.

We also consider that Russian and Soviet watches were forced to ensure levels of strength and longevity of all respect. Ten years was the necessary time indicated on the passport before a review.

Most of the watches that arrive in our collections, at least I speak for mine, have in many cases been reworked, assembled, repaired. Except in very rare cases, they do not give evidence of periodic checks or revisions.

The vast majority of Russian watches in my collection march with the stated discard despite never having seen an overhaul or watchmaker.

Personal conclusions about how accurate are russian watches.

In everyday life when I want to know the time automatically I look at the phone and only in rare cases the watch. So I would say, with all the technology around us, the main function of clocking today, it’s outdated. Even when you wear a very precise watch on your wrist, such as a chronometer, we can consider it more, almost as a sign of prestige rather than actual utility

My great-grandfather, who grew up in the country, based his day on church bells ringing because he couldn’t afford a wristwatch. For a long time, the concept of precision has been much, much more labile than today.

dettaglio dello schermo di un cronocomparatore per la misura della precisione degli orologi russi

Nevertheless, it is always a good rule to check the correct functioning of the watch when making a purchase and verify that in the various descriptions it is not indicated as not working. I personally take it for granted that a used watch is not very accurate and for this reason, I bought a chronocomparator and over time I learned to adjust the calibre to try to optimize it as much as possible.

Importante sì quindi ma con il dovuto distacco.

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