Russian Space Military Forces, a new Vostok added to the collection.

russian watch Vostok Generalskie Russian Space Forces

This watch belongs to the sub-collection dedicated to space, specifically the Russian Space Military Forces. It was acquired through a less competitive auction on and was delivered this morning via Deutsche Post. The description provided was inadequate, resulting in the watch not appearing in regular searches conducted by collectors.

Availability: RARE


The dial is the most captivating aspect of the watch, featuring a complex and visually engaging design. It can be divided into two distinct concentric parts, both circular in shape.

russian watch Vostok Generalskie Russian Space Forces
Vostok Generalskie Russian Space Forces

Outer Part:
The outer part of the dial is light brown in color, showcasing white Arabic numeral indices, excluding the number 3 to accommodate the date window, as well as the numbers 6, 9, and 12. Instead of these indices, there is a white four-pointed star with a brown inner part. The star has the same height as the numerals.

Small minute indices are present, and the hour markers feature a yellow/green luminescent dot. Two luminescent dots are positioned at 12 o’clock.

The absence of any text suggests that it is a transitional era watch.

Inner Part:
The inner part of the dial has a sugar blue color and displays various pieces of information.

At the top, there is a Cyrillic inscription: Военно Космические Силы, which translates to “Military Space Forces.”

In the center, there are abbreviations: МО РФ, representing “Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.”

Immediately below, one of the winged emblems of the Aerospace Forces is depicted.

At the bottom, the Vostok symbol and the inscription “Komandirskie” can be found, although it should be noted that the case is clearly Generalskie.

The dial may have faded over time, as the central part of the emblem should be blue. It is likely that the outer part was originally closer to blue than brown in color.

No additional details are present on the dial.


The hour and minute hands have a gold color and feature the classic shape found in Komandirskie watches. The luminescent material on the hands matches the yellow/green color on the dial.

The seconds hand is red and lacks a luminescent dot.


The case is of the 097XXX type, indicating a Generalskie case finished with TiN (Titanium Nitride).

The screw-down crown is also finished with TiN and has a domed outer part.

No notable features are present on the case.


The gold-colored bezel, also finished with TiN, complements the case. It is a standard bidirectional bezel with 5 red dots, one of which is larger, and the remaining 7 dots are black. The bezel does not click.


The original caseback of the watch has been replaced with a transparent mineral glass one, making it impossible to determine the original caseback. It is likely that a standard caseback was initially in place.

orologio vostok Forze Militari Spaziali Russe
orologio Vostok Forze Militari Spaziali Russe


The watch is powered by a Vostok 2416Б automatic mechanical movement with manual winding capability.

The balance wheel features the Vostok symbol.

Jewels: 31 jewels
Frequency: 19,800 vibrations per hour
Power reserve: 40 hours


The Russian Space Military Forces (Russian: Космические войска: воздушно-кос

мические силы; transliterated: Vozdušno-Kosmičeskie Sily Rossii) constituted a branch of the armed forces of the Russian Federation responsible for military operations in space. The military command was based in Moscow.

Established on August 10, 1982, as a separate branch of the Soviet armed forces, the organization became part of the military forces of the newly formed Russian Federation on May 7, 1992. In 1997, the VKS (Vozdušno-Kosmičeskie Sily) were incorporated into the Strategic Missile Forces. In June 2001, they were officially reconstituted as an independent section of the Russian armed forces.

On August 1, 2015, the Space Military Forces merged with the Air Force, forming the Russian Aerospace Forces.


The emblem of the Space Military Forces, which is displayed on the watch dial and is common among Soviet, Russian, and modern watches, is quite distinct. Finding credible information about it through regular search engines can be challenging. However, I discovered a credible discussion on a Russian antiquarian forum:

In a post from 2007, a user reported the following:

Приложение к Приказу Министра обороны СССР 1989 г. №160
ОПИСАНИЕ нагрудного знака для классных специалистов из числа лиц офицерского состава, прапорщиков и мичманов, проходящих службу в соединениях, частях и учреждениях Управления начальника космических средств Министрерства обороны СССР.
Нагрудный знак представляет собой развернутые крылья золотистого цвета. В центре знака на фоне вселенной темно-синего цвета – изображение земного шара светло-голубого цвета. Земной шар опоясан золотистой орбитой спутника. Контур вселенной обрамлен лавровыми ветвями, на крайнюю часть которых наложена пятиконечная звезда, покрытая красной эмалью, на нижнюю часть – ромб, в центре которого соответственно классу расположены цифры – 1, 2, 3 или буква “М”, покрытые белой эмалью.

“Appendix to the Order of the Minister of Defense of the USSR 1989 No. 160
DESCRIPTION of the breast badge for class specialists among the officers, warrant officers, and midshipmen serving in the units, units, and institutions of the Office of the Chief of Space Forces of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR.
The breast badge is an extended wing of golden color. In the center of the badge, against the background of the universe of dark blue color, there is an image of a light blue globe. The globe is surrounded by a golden satellite orbit. The contour of the universe is framed by laurel branches, on the outer part of which a five-pointed star covered with red enamel is superimposed, and on the lower part, there is a diamond, in the center of which, depending on the class, numbers – 1, 2, 3, or the letter “M” covered with white enamel are located.”


This watch is an appropriate addition to sub-collections featuring watches with both space and military themes.

Simple Guide to Soviet and Russian Watch Movements

Vostok 2416b Rannft (C)

How to Recognize Soviet and Russian Movements?

One of the key features of Soviet watches is that they contain only Soviet movements. These watches do not feature any external parts; all components were produced within the USSR. The quality of these movements varied depending on the factory, with some periods of excellence and others less so.

Here are some fundamental and curious pieces of information about these movements.

The Codes on Soviet Watch Passports

The codes used to identify Soviet movements were developed and standardized in the 1960s. These codes can be found on the passports that accompanied every watch produced during the Soviet era:

    Passaporto sovietico Vostok 2609A
    Passaporto sovietico Vostok 2609A
    Passaporto sovietico Molnija 3602
    Passaporto sovietico Molnija 3602

    What Do the Codes Mean?

    Deciphering the code is not particularly complicated. The movement code consists of 4 digits and one or two letters. After the fall of the Soviet Union, more codes were added, and the two digits often became three.

    • The first two digits represent the movement’s diameter in millimeters.
    • The next two/three digits represent the specific characteristics of the movement.
    • The following letters represent the variations that occurred over time.

    Movements with the same characteristics produced by different companies have the same code, but this does not mean they are identical. Usually, the movement is identified by the manufacturing company followed by the movement code.

    A classic example found on many websites includes:

    • Slava 2416
    • Vostok 2416
    • Poljot 2416

    All three movements have a diameter of 24mm, and the 16 identifies them as:

    • Automatic
    • Central seconds
    • Date
    • Shockproof

    For detailed characteristics of the movements, you can find an exhaustive list here.

    Online Resources

    There is another valuable online resource often used to identify movements and gain related information: Ranfft Watches.

    Other useful resources include:

    A good understanding of Russian/Soviet movements can often help quickly identify when a watch has been assembled or is not contemporaneous.

    Examples of Movements

    Some common Vostok movements include:

    • Vostok 2409
    • Vostok 2414A
    • Vostok 2416b

    For more detailed characteristics of these movements, you can refer to the Ranfft database.


    The subject is vast and complex with many nuances. This guide aims to provide a brief introduction to help you start understanding the complexity of the Russian/Soviet watchmaking world.

    All images of the movements can be found at: Ranfft Watches.

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