Pobeda Lunochod 1. Is the dial real or fake?

fake Zim Pobeda Lunochod I 1970 front

Is the commemorative dial of the Soviet rover Lunochod 1 real or fake?

The answer is very simple, in my opinion the commemorative dial of the Pobeda Lunokhod 1 is a FAKE.

Today, another collector contacted me asking for information about a watch with the commemorative dial of the Lunokhod 1 rover.


Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1

What you can see above is one of the many models available for sale online with this dial. The dials, with perhaps a couple of exceptions, are all identical, only the case model varies.

The watch is a common Zim Pobeda powered by a Pobeda 2602 caliber with an inexpensive thin steel stop-seconds mechanism. As mentioned before, there are as many versions of this watch as there are existing Zim Pobeda cases.

What makes it so sought after?

Russian and Soviet space-themed watches have always been highly sought after. They were one of the Soviet Union’s flagship items, which used them frequently as internal and external propaganda. I myself avidly collect commemorative watches from the Soviet and Russian space race. It is therefore normal for a collector with limited experience to be attracted to “made in USSR” and space-themed items. After all, the Lunokhod was the first remotely controlled rover to land on another celestial body.

The Lunokhod Rovers

There is a wealth of information that can be found on the internet in Italian, English, and of course, Russian. Needless to say, we can briefly say that Lunokhod (Луноход in Russian) is the name of four Soviet remotely controlled rovers intended for lunar exploration.

Lunochod 1

The Soviet Lunokhod 1 was the first remote-controlled lunar rover to explore the surface of the moon. It was launched by the Soviet Union on November 10, 1970, and landed on the moon on November 17. Lunokhod 1 was designed to explore the lunar surface, analyze its soil and study the moon’s magnetic field.

Lunokhod 1 was controlled by a team of scientists and engineers on Earth through a complex system of radio communication. It was equipped with a number of scientific instruments, including a spectrometer, a penetrometer, and an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, which allowed it to study the chemical composition of the lunar soil.

The rover traveled a total distance of 10.5 km (6.5 miles) during its mission, which lasted 11 months. It also took over 20,000 television images of the lunar surface, which provided valuable information about the moon’s geology and topography.

The success of Lunokhod 1 paved the way for future lunar exploration missions and demonstrated the capabilities of remote-controlled rovers in exploring the moon. The rover’s legacy lives on as a symbol of the Soviet Union’s pioneering spirit in space exploration and its contribution to our understanding of the universe

Lunochod 2

Lunokhod 2 was a Soviet lunar rover that was launched on January 8, 1973, aboard a Proton-K rocket. It was the second of two unmanned missions in the Lunokhod program, following the successful landing of Lunokhod 1 in November 1970. The main goal of the Lunokhod program was to explore the Moon’s surface and conduct scientific experiments.

Lunokhod 2 was equipped with a range of instruments, including a drill for collecting soil samples, a spectrometer for analyzing the chemical composition of the Moon’s surface, and a laser reflector for measuring the distance between the Earth and the Moon. The rover was controlled remotely from the Soviet Union using a series of commands that were transmitted to it via radio signals.

Over the course of its four-month mission, Lunokhod 2 covered a distance of 37 kilometers and transmitted more than 80,000 images back to Earth. It was the first rover to travel to the Moon’s hilly and mountainous regions, including the Apennine Mountains and the Leibnitz Mountains. The data and images collected by Lunokhod 2 provided valuable insights into the Moon’s geology and helped to advance our understanding of the Earth’s nearest celestial neighbor.

Despite the success of the Lunokhod program, it was eventually discontinued due to funding issues and the shift in focus towards human space exploration.

Lunochod 3

Lunokhod 3 was never launched and is currently in a museum in Moscow.

And the fourth?

The first Lunokhod was destroyed along with the carrier during the failed attempt in 1969.

Why is the Pobeda Lunokhod 1 dial a FAKE?

There are many reasons. First of all, as far as I know, Soviet watch catalogs do not feature any wristwatches dedicated to Lunokhod rovers. Secondly, the watches, cases, and mechanisms should be older than they are since the moon landing occurred in 1970, a period when the watches were different from the one in the photo. Third, there are too many of them, and they are all in perfect condition. Lastly, but not least, upon closer inspection, the dial has characteristics that suggest an ink print. Regarding this last point, it is possible to better understand by looking at some details of the dial.

Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 - dial
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 – dial

fake Zim Pobeda detail
fake Zim Pobeda Lunochod 1 1970 detail

fake Zim Pobeda detail
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 – detail

The use of black and white is definitely clever as it allows for better printing on uniform surfaces, but the indexes suffer where you can see the mixture of colors.

Therefore, I would say without much doubt or reconsideration that it is an ink print made with equipment that is definitely not for domestic use but still a print. Upon closer inspection, even the dial, in its arrangement, colors, and fonts, is not very “Soviet”. The inscriptions are not concentric, the Cyrillic inscription “Made in USSR” prominently displayed on the dial, and the approximate profile of the Lunokhod only confirm my hypothesis of the dial’s inauthenticity.

Description of the Pobeda Lunokhod 1 watch:

The rest of the watch in my possession is a classic Zim Pobeda. The case is generally not highly appreciated by collectors, made of chromed brass. The minute and second hands are silver-colored, as well as the small seconds hand.

Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 - back
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 – back

Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 - caliber
Russian fake watch Pobeda Lunochod 1 – caliber

The finishing of the caliber 2602 is similar to that of the Zim Pobeda watches from the last period, which are very rough and poorly finished. The caliber is held in place in the case by a simple steel ring. Fortunately, it works correctly.


All the above is the result of my analysis and hypotheses and cannot be considered absolute truth. I have never seen these dials printed by anyone or anywhere, so my ideas are based on punctual observations. If what I have written is correct, then I can only advise against purchasing them to avoid promoting an industry that, even if marginal, can profit from producing watches with fake dials.

Russian watch Raketa Muromets

russian watch Raketa Muromets
russian watch Raketa Muromets
Raketa Muromets

Muromets is a legendary hero of Slavic culture, also known as Illya Muromets. His figure has been celebrated in epic poetry and folk tales, making Muromets one of the most iconic characters in Russian tradition. In this article, we will explore the figure of Muromets and his legend, seeking to deepen his importance in Russian culture.

The legend of Muromets has its roots in the 12th century when Kievan Rus was threatened by the incursions of nomads from the steppe. According to the legend, Illya Muromets was a young peasant who, after being paralyzed by an illness, was forced to live as a hermit in a forest. One day, while praying in an abandoned church, he met an old hermit who predicted a great destiny as a warrior for him. The old man told him to eat the grass that grew on the tomb of a warrior, whose spirit would infuse him with the strength and courage necessary to face life’s challenges.

Muromets followed the old man’s advice and, after eating the grass, miraculously recovered. He then decided to serve Prince Vladimir of Kiev and began to distinguish himself for his strength and ability in battle. During his military career, Muromets faced numerous enemies of Rus, including the Tartars and Mongols, becoming a living legend for his courage and skill.

The figure of Muromets has inspired numerous Russian artists and poets over the centuries, giving rise to a vast cultural production that still influences Russian culture today. The character of Muromets is often associated with strength and resilience and is often evoked as a symbol of the resistance of the Russian people against foreign invasions.

In Russian popular culture, Muromets has been represented in numerous ways. In some versions of the legend, he is described as a giant with long legs and a massive body, capable of lifting enormous rocks and facing entire armies alone. In other versions, Muromets is depicted as a cunning and astute warrior, able to defeat enemies thanks to his skill and courage.

The figure of Muromets has been the subject of numerous interpretations over the centuries. Some scholars have suggested that his legend may have been inspired by historical figures such as Prince Vladimir of Kiev or the Viking warrior Rurik, while others have argued that the character of Muromets represents a symbol of the Russian people and their struggle for independence.

In addition to its importance in Russian culture, the figure of Muromets has also influenced the culture of other Slavic nations, such as Serbia and others. His legend has been passed down orally for generations and has influenced literary, artistic, and cultural production in Serbia.

In Serbia, Muromets is known as “Ilija Bircanin,” and his legend has been passed down through popular ballads and epic tales. As in Russian culture, the figure of Ilija Bircanin in Serbia has also been associated with strength and courage and has often been evoked as a symbol of the resistance of the Serbian people against foreign oppression.

Moreover, the legend of Ilija Bircanin has inspired numerous artistic and literary works in Serbia. One of the most famous is the popular ballad “Ilija Bircanin,” which tells the story of how the protagonist, after being wounded in battle, is brought to a Serbian village where he receives care and protection from the local inhabitants. The ballad celebrates the solidarity and generosity of the Serbian people, who are capable of protecting and caring for a foreign warrior.

The figure of Ilija Bircanin has also been represented in works of art, such as paintings and sculptures, and has inspired numerous film and television productions. Additionally, his name has been associated with various Serbian organizations and institutions, such as the Ilija Bircanin School in Belgrade, which aims to educate young Serbian leaders.

In other Slavic nations, such as Bulgaria and Poland, the figure of Muromets has had a similar impact on culture and literary production. In Bulgaria, Muromets is known as “Krali Marko,” and his legend has been passed down through folk ballads and epic tales. Similarly, in Poland, the figure of Muromets has been adopted in popular culture, and his legend has been transmitted through ballads and stories.

In conclusion, the figure of Muromets is a symbol of Slavic culture and resistance against foreign forces. His legend has influenced literary and artistic production in numerous Slavic nations, including Russia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Poland, and has contributed to shaping the collective imagination of these cultures. His importance in Russian culture and that of other Slavic nations is evidenced by his constant presence in the literature, art, and popular culture of these countries.

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