Discover the Exclusive Raketa Aspol Watch: A Piece of Polar History

russian watch Raketa ASPOL Blue

Description and Features of the Raketa Aspol Watch

The Raketa Aspol watch is a rare and fascinating piece, created to celebrate polar explorations and honour the explorers associated with the Association of Polar Explorers (ASPOL). This watch stands out not only for its design but also for its historical and collectible value.

russian watch Raketa ASPOL Blue
Raketa ASPOL Blue

Technical Specifications

  • Movement: Calibre 2623H manual wind, known for its robustness and accuracy, with a 24-hour format.
  • Case: Made of chrome-plated brass, giving the watch a shiny and durable appearance.
  • Crystal: Plexiglass, lightweight and impact-resistant.
  • Dial: Available in two colour variants – blue and red. The red version is particularly rare and sought after by collectors.

The Commemorative Raketa Aspol Dial

The dial of the Raketa Aspol watch is rich with symbols and inscriptions celebrating polar heritage:

  • Central Globe: Represents the significance of polar explorations, with a polar bear at the centre, symbolising ASPOL.
  • Aspol Inscriptions: The association’s name is present in both Cyrillic (АСПОЛ) and Latin (ASPOL), emphasising the connection to polar explorations.
  • City Names: Lists various cities around the world, facilitating time reading across different time zones.

The Association of Polar Explorers (ASPOL)

Founded in 1990 during the All-Union Congress of Polar Explorers, the ASPOL aims to protect the interests of polar workers and indigenous peoples of the Far North. The association plays a crucial role in implementing Russia’s state policy in the Arctic and Antarctic.

ASPOL’s Mission and Activities

ASPOL is involved in various areas, including:

  • Environmental Sustainability: Promotes projects and policies for the environmental protection of polar regions.
  • Education and Culture: Organises events such as the International Forum “Arctic: Today and the Future” and celebrates “Polar Explorer Day” on May 21st, commemorating the first scientific expedition to the “North Pole-1” station.
  • International Collaboration: Facilitates cooperation between governmental entities, scientific institutions, and non-profit organisations for the sustainable development of polar regions.

Historical Facts and Soviet Legacy Related to the Raketa Aspol Watch

During the Soviet era, polar explorations were a scientific and strategic priority. Polar expeditions, like the “North Pole-1” station in 1937, collected crucial scientific data and contributed to the understanding of atmospheric processes in the Arctic.

Artur Chilingarov and ASPOL

Artur Chilingarov, president of ASPOL and special representative of the President of the Russian Federation for international cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic, is a key figure in promoting polar explorations. Under his leadership, ASPOL continues to support scientific research and environmental protection in polar regions.


The Raketa Aspol watch is not just a piece of Soviet horological history but also a tribute to polar explorations and the men and women who dedicated their lives to these missions. Its rarity, especially the red dial variant, makes it a highly valuable item for collectors and history enthusiasts.

For more information about ASPOL and its activities, visit the official website: ASPOL.

The Mystery of the Vostok Komandirskie: Commemorating the 70th Anniversary of the Volkhov Hydroelectric Plant or Related to the Oil Industry?

russian watch Vostok Komandirskie

The Vostok Komandirskie watch, with its enigmatic dial, has sparked curiosity and various hypotheses over time. This article explores two main theories regarding the meaning behind the dial.

russian watch Vostok Komandirskie
Vostok Komandirskie

Theory 1: The Volkhov Hydroelectric Plant

The first theory suggests that the watch was commissioned to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Volkhov Hydroelectric Plant.

In the center of the watch dial, there is an image resembling a diaphragm, a propeller, or more likely, a Francis turbine, commonly used in the early 20th century for low-pressure applications. This type of turbine is ideal for the technology of the time and fits the historical context.

The Volkhov Hydroelectric Plant, the first hydroelectric power plant built according to the GOELRO plan, was put into operation in 1926. Celebrating its 70th anniversary in 1986 aligns well with the production period of the Vostok Komandirskie watch.

Fotografia della celebrazione del 70° anniversario della centrale idroelettrica di Volkhov, dicembre 1996.
Fotografia della serata di gala dedicata al 70° anniversario della centrale idroelettrica di Volkhov. Una lettera di ringraziamento viene presentata a un dipendente della centrale dal sindaco della città di Volkhov, Volchkova N.M. Fonte:

In 2016, to mark the 90th anniversary of the plant, a monument featuring a turbine was unveiled outside the plant. Here are photos of the monument and the plaque translation:

Monument in honor of the builders and power engineers of the Volkhov Hydroelectric Power Plant.
Monument in honor of the builders and power engineers of the Volkhov Hydroelectric Power Plant. The plaque reads: “Monumento in onore dei costruttori e degli ingegneri energetici della centrale idroelettrica di Volkhov. Volkhovskaya HPP – la prima centrale idroelettrica costruita secondo il piano GOELRO, messa in funzione nel 1926.
Detail of the plaque on the monument honoring the builders and power engineers of the Volkhov Hydroelectric Power Plant.
Detail of the plaque on the monument honoring the builders and power engineers of the Volkhov Hydroelectric Power Plant. The plaque reads: “Монумент в честь строителей и энергетиков Волховской ГЭС. Волховская ГЭС – первая гидроэлектростанция, построенная по плану ГОЭЛРО, введена в эксплуатацию в 1926 году.

Translation of the plaque: “Monument in honor of the builders and energy engineers of the Volkhov Hydroelectric Plant. Volkhovskaya HPP – the first hydroelectric power station built according to the GOELRO plan, put into operation in 1926.”

Theory 2: The Oil Industry Connection

Another plausible theory, discussed in detail on the by users cuoccimix, zvezda, DaniLao, fiurdesoca, Cane, Trash, and robyvintage, suggests that the watch might be related to the oil industry.

This theory posits that the symbol on the dial represents a component used in oil extraction. Fiurdesoca shared a photo of a commemorative watch featuring a similar turbine symbol, along with the text “ЦБПО ЭПУ,” suggesting a connection to oil drilling. The watch has a stylized drilling rig and the dates 1985-1995, with the name of the city Langepas, indicating a link to the oil industry.

Description of fiurdesoca’s watch: This commemorative watch has a dial depicting a stylized drilling rig with the dates 1985-1995 and the name Langepas. The text on the dial, “ЦБПО ЭПУ,” translates to “Central Bureau of Production Services for Electrical Submersible Installations,” pointing towards an oil industry connection.

Close-up of a commemorative watch with the inscription "ЦБПО ЭПУ", "1985 1995", and "г. Лангепас". Image property of fiurdesoca.
Close-up of a commemorative watch celebrating 10 years (1985-1995) of ЦБПО ЭПУ in Лангепас. Image property of fiurdesoca.

About ЦБПО ЭПУ: The Central Bureau of Production Services for Electrical Submersible Installations (ЦБПО ЭПУ) is a company located in Surgut, part of the OJSC “Surgutneftgas” group, one of the largest oil companies in Russia. The company specializes in the maintenance and repair of electric centrifugal pumps used primarily in the oil industry.

Founded to provide technical services and support for extraction operations, ЦБПО ЭПУ engages in a wide range of activities, including the assembly and disassembly of electric pump installations, management of control stations, and repair of electrical equipment. These devices are crucial for the operation of extraction and management of natural resources like oil and gas.

The company has participated in various meetings and conferences with other industry companies, focusing on topics such as industrial safety, equipment maintenance, and operational efficiency of installations. For example, in a recent meeting in Neftekumsk, themes like workplace safety, pump maintenance, and resource management were discussed.

Employee reviews of ЦБПО ЭПУ are mixed, with some criticisms regarding internal management and working conditions. However, the company remains a key player in the oil industry services sector, significantly contributing to the maintenance and operation of critical infrastructure in Russia.

Without conclusive evidence, both theories remain viable. Future discoveries and further information may validate or refute these hypotheses.

Raketa Sosnovy Bor Watch: A Commemorative Timepiece Telling a Story of Energy and Culture

russian watch Raketa Sosnovy Bor


The Raketa Sosnovy Bor watch is a unique and fascinating piece that celebrates the twenty-year anniversary of the Sosnovy Bor nuclear power plant. This watch, produced in 1993, incorporates cultural and local symbols, making it an item of not only historical value but also great aesthetic and cultural significance. The three concentric stripes on the edges of the dial, representing the colours of the Russian flag (white, blue, and red), clearly indicate that this watch was created in the post-Soviet period, reflecting the new national identity of Russia.

Description of the Dial

The dial of the Raketa Sosnovy Bor watch is rich in symbols that tell the story of the nuclear power plant and the city of Sosnovy Bor.

  • Yellow Part: This represents a characteristic structure of Andersengrad, a theme park located in the city of Sosnovy Bor. Andersengrad is inspired by the fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen and features a castle with a clock, a copper roof made of red bricks, and a weather vane. The roof decoration, with the stylised sun and the stripes radiating to the right, is clearly visible on the watch dial.
  • Blue Industrial Building: This represents the nuclear power plant itself, a symbol of progress and technology.
  • Green Elements: These represent trees, highlighting the connection with nature and ecology. The city of Sosnovy Bor is indeed rich in forests, covering an area of about 7.3 km². These green elements indicate a balance between energy production and environmental preservation.

This watch is highly sought after by collectors for its unique design and the historical and cultural significance it carries.

russian watch Raketa Sosnovy Bor
Raketa Sosnovy Bor

The Sosnovy Bor Nuclear Power Plant

History and Construction

The Sosnovy Bor nuclear power plant, also known as the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant (LNPP), is located in the Leningrad region, Russia. The city of Sosnovy Bor was founded in 1958 specifically to support the construction and operation of the nuclear power plant. The construction of the plant began in 1967, and the first unit was launched in 1973. This plant was one of the first in Russia to use RBMK-1000 reactors, the same type used at the Chernobyl plant.

Events and Incidents
  • 1973: The first unit of the Sosnovy Bor nuclear power plant begins producing energy.
  • 1975, 1979, 1981: Three more units come online, making LNPP one of the largest nuclear power plants in the world.
  • 1990: During refurbishment works of Unit 1, an increase in radiation is detected due to the leakage of contaminated graphite.
  • 1991: An accident due to faulty equipment and non-compliance with safety rules causes ten fuel rods to break.
  • 1992: Another incident results in the release of radioactive gases and iodine into the air.
  • 2009: A unit is stopped due to a hole in a pump discharge header.
  • 2015: The first unit of the plant is shut down for decommissioning.
Modernisation and Replacement

Over the years, the plant has undergone numerous modernisation works to improve safety and efficiency. In 2008, construction of the Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant-2 (LNPP-2) began, using new-generation VVER-1200 reactors. These reactors are designed to replace the old RBMK-1000 units, with greater efficiency and higher safety standards.

Andersengrad: A Fairy Tale Piece of Local Culture

Andersengrad is a theme park located in Sosnovy Bor, inspired by the fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen. It is a magical place for children, characterised by fairy-tale architectural structures, including castles and towers. The castle with the clock and the copper roof is one of the main attractions of the park, decorated with stylised elements such as weather vanes. This detail has been integrated into the design of the Raketa Sosnovy Bor watch dial, emphasising the connection between local culture and the industrial history of the city.

Torre con orologio in un ambiente pittoresco, con decorazioni luminose. Proprietà di JEANYWITCH.
Torre con orologio in un ambiente pittoresco, con decorazioni luminose. Immagine di proprietà di JEANYWITCH. Fonte:


The Raketa Sosnovy Bor watch is much more than just a timepiece. It is a piece of history that celebrates the Sosnovy Bor nuclear power plant and integrates local cultural symbols such as Andersengrad. This watch represents a perfect balance between technological progress and respect for culture and the environment, making it a valuable item for collectors and history enthusiasts. Its production in 1993 and the use of the Russian flag colours place it in a period of national renewal, reflecting the new identity of post-Soviet Russia.

Maritime College of Murmansk Raketa Watch: A Tribute to Maritime Excellence

Primo piano di un orologio con quadrante nero e dettagli dorati, recante la scritta in cirillico "1932" e "МУРМАНСКИЙ МОРСКОЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ ИМ. И. МЕСЯЦЕВА". Proprietà di Sovietaly.

Description of the Dial

The Raketa watch featuring the Maritime College of Murmansk is a refined model with a gold case and Raketa 2409 calibre. The black dial, adorned with gold details, is both elegant and functional. At the centre of the dial, a stylised building represents the Murmanskiy Morskoy Kolledzh imeni I.I. Mesyatseva (Maritime College of Murmansk named after I.I. Mesyatsev). Above the building, the aurora borealis is stylised, symbolizing the institute’s location above the Arctic Circle and the natural beauty visible in Murmansk. The date “1932” indicates the year the institute was founded.

Primo piano di un orologio con quadrante nero e dettagli dorati, recante la scritta in cirillico "1932" e "МУРМАНСКИЙ МОРСКОЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ ИМ. И. МЕСЯЦЕВА". Proprietà di Sovietaly.
Primo piano di un orologio con quadrante nero e dettagli dorati, recante la scritta in cirillico “1932” e “МУРМАНСКИЙ МОРСКОЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ ИМ. И. МЕСЯЦЕВА”. Immagine di proprietà di Sovietaly.

Celebration and Commemoration

This watch celebrates the founding of the Murmanskiy Morskoy Kolledzh in 1932. This institution has played a crucial role in training specialists in the maritime and fishing sectors.

College History

The Murmanskiy Morskoy Kolledzh was inaugurated on December 17, 1932, aiming to provide qualified personnel for the newly established Soviet fishing fleet​ (EduNews)​​ (Учёба.ру)​. Named after Ivan Ivanovich Mesyatsev, a key figure in the development of marine technologies in Russia, the institute is now one of the leading maritime schools in Northwest Russia.

Edificio del Murmansk Marine College, Murmansk, Russia. Fonte: kolledzh-mesyatseva-murmansk.
L’edificio del Murmansk Marine College, situato a Murmansk, Russia. Fonte: kolledzh-mesyatseva-murmansk.

Evolution and Modernity

Since 2013, the college has been part of the Murmansk State Technical University complex and is one of the five educational centres created by the Federal Fisheries Agency​ (EduNews)​​ (Учёба.ру)​. It offers various educational programs ranging from ichthyology to food production technology, providing comprehensive and updated training to its students.

Current Importance

Today, the college continues to play a vital role in training sailors and maritime specialists. Its facilities include modern laboratories and a well-equipped campus, including a dormitory for students. This makes it a centre of excellence recognised throughout Russia​ (Учёба.ру)​.


The Raketa watch with a 2409 calibre is not just a functional accessory but also a tribute to the long educational tradition of the Murmanskiy Morskoy Kolledzh. Wearing this watch means carrying a symbol of Russian maritime expertise, celebrating an institution that has significantly contributed to the development of maritime skills in the country.

Links for Further Reading

  1. Murmanskiy Morskoy Kolledzh
  2. History of the College
  3. Murmansk State Technical University
  4. Raketa 2409 Calibre
  5. Raketa Watches

Vostok Commemorative Watch of the Komi Republic

Soviet Union commemorative watch with Republic of Komi map and symbols


The Vostok commemorative watch of the Komi Republic represents a unique and significant piece of the region’s history, located in the northeastern part of European Russia. This watch is not just a timepiece but a tribute to the history and culture of the Komi people, dedicated to S. Spiridonov, an important local historical figure.

Soviet Union commemorative watch with Republic of Komi map and symbols
Soviet Union commemorative watch featuring a map and symbols, highlighting Ю. Спиридонов and the Republic of Komi.

Watch Description

The watch features a detailed dial with Cyrillic inscriptions, including “Главы Республики Коми С. Спиридонов” which translates to “Head of the Komi Republic S. Spiridonov.” This suggests the watch was created to commemorate Yuri Alekseevich Spiridonov, the first elected head of the Komi Republic, serving from 1994 to 2002​ (Википедия — свободная энциклопедия)​​ (Радио Свобода)​.

Meaning of the Inscriptions and Symbols

  • Главы Республики Коми С. Спиридонов: Translated as “Head of the Komi Republic S. Spiridonov,” this text honours Spiridonov, known for his significant contributions to the region’s modernisation during his tenure.
  • РТЧ (RTCH): Although this abbreviation is not immediately clear, it might refer to a specific organisation or institution, possibly military or scientific.

The watch dial also includes:

  • Map of the Komi Republic: Highlighted to underscore the regional importance.
  • Double-Headed Eagle: A traditional Russian symbol, possibly indicating a connection with the federal government or an official organisation.

History of S. Spiridonov

Yuri Alekseevich Spiridonov played a crucial role in the modern history of the Komi Republic. During his tenure, he oversaw significant administrative and social transformations, contributing to the region’s stability and development​ («7×7» Горизонтальная Россия)​.


The Vostok commemorative watch of the Komi Republic is not only a valuable historical item but also a symbol of the region’s culture and history. Through its inscriptions and symbols, this watch celebrates the legacy of S. Spiridonov and provides a tangible link to the rich history of the Komi people.

The Commemorative Watch of the Director of the Kharkiv Military University: A Piece of History in My Collection



Recently, I had the opportunity to acquire a very special watch for my collection of Soviet and post-Soviet memorabilia. This commemorative watch comes from the Kharkiv Military University, located in the Kharkiv region of Ukraine. In this article, I will tell you the story of this fascinating item, the meaning of the inscriptions on the dial, and the technical features of the watch.

Orologio commemorativo del Kharkiv Military University.
Orologio commemorativo del Kharkiv Military University.

Acquiring the Watch

As an avid collector of historical Soviet and post-Soviet items, I am always on the lookout for unique pieces that tell a story. When I came across this commemorative watch, I was immediately drawn to its robust design and significant history. The dial reads “ВІД НАЧАЛЬНИКА ХАРКІВСЬКОГО ВІЙСЬКОВОГО УНІВЕРСИТЕТУ,” which translates to “From the Director of the Kharkiv Military University.”

Watch Description

The watch has a chrome-plated brass case, giving it an elegant and durable appearance. Inside, it features a Vostok 2414A hand-wound calibre, a reliable movement appreciated for its accuracy. The dial is decorated with the emblem of the Kharkiv Military University, colourful and representative of the pride and tradition of the institution. This type of watch is usually given as recognition for distinguished service or as a token of affiliation with the University.

Meaning of the Inscriptions

The Cyrillic inscriptions on the watch dial refer directly to the Director of the Kharkiv Military University. This indicates that the watch might have been a gift or an award, a symbol of recognition for commitment and service to the institution. It’s fascinating how these small details can tell such a rich story.

The Kharkiv Military University

The Kharkiv Military University, officially known as “Національний університет оборони України імені Івана Черняховського” (National Defence University of Ukraine named after Ivan Chernyakhovsky), is located in the Kharkiv region of Ukraine. Founded during the Soviet period, this university has continued to train officers and specialists for the Ukrainian armed forces, maintaining a high standard of military education and training.

The Kharkiv Region

Kharkiv is one of the major cities in Ukraine, located in the eponymous region. It is an important cultural, educational, and industrial centre. The Kharkiv Military University plays a crucial role in training the country’s armed forces and has a long tradition of excellence.


Having this commemorative watch in my collection is a true honour. Not only is it a beautiful example of military design, but it is also a piece of history that represents the importance and legacy of the Kharkiv Military University. Every time I look at it, I am reminded of the value of service and dedication.

Raketa Karelia: 100 Years of Automotive History

russian watch Raketa 100 years of transport in republic of Karelia

A Jewel of History and Mechanics

The watch depicted in the photo is a Raketa model, calibre 2609 HA with 19 jewels. This specific timepiece, model number 4321xxx, was produced in the 1990s and celebrates the centenary of automotive transport in the Karelia region of Russia.

russian watch Raketa 100 years of transport in republic of Karelia
Raketa 100 years of transport in republic of Karelia

Dial Details

The watch’s dial is rich with symbolism and commemorations:

  • Historic and Modern Vehicles: At the top, there are illustrations of two vehicles: an old-fashioned car on the left and a modern vehicle on the right. These vehicles represent the evolution of automotive transport over a century.
  • Circular Inscription: The red inscription surrounding the dial reads “КАРЕЛИЯ 100 ЛЕТ АВТОМОБИЛЬНОМУ ТРАНСПОРТУ”, which translates to “Karelia, 100 years of automotive transport”. This underscores the centenary celebration.
  • Logo and Years: At the centre of the dial, a blue and red logo with the number “100” highlights the importance of the anniversary.

Historical Significance

The watch was created to celebrate an important milestone in the history of the Karelia region, highlighting the significance of automotive transport in the economic and social development of the area. The commemoration of 100 years of automotive transport reflects the technological and infrastructural progress that has taken place since the introduction of the first cars up to the present day.

The Raketa Brand

Raketa, one of the most renowned watch brands in Russia, has a long history of producing robust and reliable watches. The calibre 2609 HA used in this model is known for its precision and durability, making the watch not only a commemorative piece but also a high-quality technical object.

The Karelia Region

Karelia is a historic region located in the northwest of Russia, known for its breathtaking natural landscapes and rich cultural history. Here are some highlights about Karelia:

  • Geography and Nature: Karelia is characterised by a vast number of lakes and forests, making it a popular destination for nature lovers. Lake Ladoga, the largest in Europe, is partly located in Karelia.
  • History and Culture: The region has a complex and fascinating history, having been contested between Sweden, Russia, and Finland over the centuries. This has led to a rich cultural mix and diverse influences in language, music, and local traditions.
  • Economy: In addition to tourism, Karelia’s economy is based on the timber, fishing, and natural resources industries. In recent decades, automotive transport has played a key role in the region’s economic development, facilitating trade and mobility.


This Raketa watch is not just a timekeeping device, but also a piece of history that celebrates a century of progress in automotive transport in Karelia. With its distinctive design and significant details, it stands as a lasting tribute to the evolution and importance of automotive transport in the region.

The Legend of Illya Muromets: Slavic Hero and Cultural Icon

russian watch Raketa Muromets

Illya Muromets is a legendary figure deeply embedded in Slavic culture, celebrated through epic poems and folk tales. This iconic hero of Russian tradition symbolizes the strength and resilience of a people who have withstood countless invasions. In this article, we will explore the origins of the Muromets legend, its cultural evolution, and its impact in Russia and beyond.

russian watch Raketa Muromets
Raketa Muromets

The Commemorative Watch

An intriguing example of the celebration of Illya Muromets is a commemorative watch, featuring a chromed case and a plexiglass crystal. This watch uses a manually wound mechanical movement, the Raketa 2409 caliber, known for its reliability and precision. On the dial, the image of Muromets on horseback is prominent, with the dates 1934-1994 marking a significant anniversary. Above, a stylization of the aurora borealis highlights the northern latitudes associated with the legend.

Transcription and Interpretation of the Letters on the Dial

Above the figure of Muromets and below the aurora borealis, the letters “БЧ СФ” (transliterated as “BCH SF”) are present. This likely refers to “Береговая система наблюдения СЕВЕРНЫЙ ФЛОТ БСН СФ 1934-1994 60 лет на ходу.” Here is a possible translation and interpretation:

  • Береговая система наблюдения: Coastal surveillance system
  • СЕВЕРНЫЙ ФЛОТ: Northern Fleet
  • БСН СФ: Coastal Surveillance System of the Northern Fleet (BSN SF)
  • 1934-1994: Celebration of 60 years of activity (60 лет на ходу)

This interpretation indicates that the watch was produced to commemorate the 60 years of activity of the Coastal Surveillance System of the Northern Fleet, a significant military unit in the defense of Russian coasts. Learn more about the Raketa 2409 caliber.

Origins of the Legend

Illya Muromets, also known as Illya of Kiev, appears in chronicles from the 12th century, during the turbulent period of Kievan Rus, frequently threatened by nomadic incursions from the steppes. According to legend, Illya was initially a young peasant, paralyzed by illness, living in isolation in the forest. The turning point comes when, praying in an abandoned church, an old hermit predicts a heroic destiny for him. Following the hermit’s advice, Illya consumes a magical herb that miraculously restores his health and transforms him into a warrior under the service of Prince Vladimir of Kiev. Learn more about Kievan Rus and its history.

Muromets the Warrior

Distinguishing himself through strength and skill, Muromets quickly becomes a key figure in battles against the Tatars and Mongols. His legend grows, making him a symbol of resistance and warrior virtue, a living representation of Slavic heroism. Read more about the epic battles of Illya Muromets.

Cultural and Artistic Impact

The figure of Muromets has inspired artists and poets for centuries, deeply influencing Russian culture. Sometimes depicted as a superhuman giant and other times as a cunning strategist, Muromets symbolizes Slavic resilience. His deeds have been immortalized in paintings, sculptures, and film productions, cementing his place in the collective imagination of both Russian and Slavic culture. Explore artistic representations of Illya Muromets.

The Legend’s Reach in Serbia and Other Slavic Nations

Not only in Russia but also in Serbia, where he is known as Ilija Bircanin, the legend of Muromets has deep roots. Passed down through popular ballads, it has inspired literary and artistic works celebrating Serbian resistance. Discover the ballads of Ilija Bircanin.

The Watch’s Peculiarity and the Compass

The intriguing element of the watch dedicated to Muromets is the dial, which shows an “O” instead of an “E” for East. This choice can be attributed to multiple linguistic and cultural reasons. The transliteration of Russian can interpret the letter “В” as “V” or “O”, influencing representation on instruments like compasses. An alternative interpretation could link the “O” to “Orient,” the traditional term for East. In German, “Ost” (East) could also explain this choice, showing how cultural intersections influence language and art. Learn about the origins and meanings of cardinal points on compasses.

In conclusion, Illya Muromets is not just a hero from a distant era; he is a persistent symbol of Slavic culture, whose story continues to influence art, literature, and popular culture. His legacy shows how myths can transform and adapt, maintaining their significance through the centuries.

Slava АМНТК Союз: A Watch that Tells a Story of Aeronautical Excellence

russian watch Slava АМНТК Союз

The Slava Watch

The Slava АМНТК Союз watch is much more than a simple timepiece. This watch, made to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Aero-engine Scientific and Technical Complex «Soyuz» (АМНТК “Союз”), represents a piece of Soviet and Russian aeronautical history.

russian watch Slava АМНТК Союз
Slava АМНТК Союз

The watch dial is simple yet rich in meaning. It features a stylized drawing of an aircraft, symbolizing the technological innovation and power of the engines produced by the institute. The second hand is characterized by a large red dot near the tip, typical of some Slava watches. The dial also includes the dates “1943-1993,” marking the fiftieth anniversary of the institute’s founding.

The watch is powered by a standard manual winding Slava 2414 mechanical movement with a date function. The case is a 3991XXX chromed model, similar to the Perestroika models intended for the Italian market. The back of the watch is stainless steel and bears the serial number 419, a detail that adds a touch of uniqueness.

History of АМНТК “Союз”

The АМНТК “Союз” complex has a fascinating and successful history. Founded during World War II, the institute was created with the Resolution of the State Defense Committee No. 2916 on February 18, 1943. Initially located on the bank of the Moskva River in Luzhniki, the factory was evacuated to Kuibyshev (modern-day Samara) during the Great Patriotic War.

Innovations and Technological Developments

Who builds the engines for the MiG-21, MiG-25, or Tu-104? The answer is the Aero-engine Scientific and Technical Complex «Soyuz». This institute has been a pillar in the Soviet and Russian aeronautical industry, dedicated to the maintenance and production of engines for helicopters, missiles, and aircraft.

The MiG-25, known for its extraordinary performance, owes its speed and power to the Tumansky R-15B-300 engines. These engines are among the most powerful turbojets ever built and have enabled the MiG-25 to set numerous speed and altitude records. HERE you can find detailed information about the АМНТК Союз engines, including the Tumansky R-15B-300 that powers the MiG-25.

The Engine Factory Today

Today, АМНТК Союз is a publicly traded company, with activities primarily focused on the production of turbojets for aircraft and gas turbine drives for generators and gas pumps. The institute has been active for 78 years and continues to be a leader in aeronautical engine technology.

HERE you can access the institute’s website for more information about the designed engines and the institute’s history.


Once again, a simple Slava watch has allowed me to delve into a often overlooked aspect. When a layperson like me looks at a military jet, it’s rare to think about the engines and their characteristics. We focus on the fuselage and shapes, but the engines, hidden within the aircraft, remain a mystery to most. I’m glad to have had the opportunity to take an interest, albeit superficially, in this topic. I’ll probably look at aircraft differently in the future.

The Unveiled Mystery: The Commemorative Watch of the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

The Unveiled Mystery: The Commemorative Watch of the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

Zaporizhzhia is the answer to the question that has intrigued many people for a long time. On December 31, 2020, in the Facebook group “Russian Watches Passion,” user Gianfranco posted a photo of a watch asking for information about it:

Initial Hypotheses

The responses from group members and other collectors were numerous. Here are some summarized hypotheses:

  • Astronomical observatory
  • Precision instrument
  • Camera lens
  • Textile frame
  • Microcircuit

None of these hypotheses proved correct.

The Accidental Discovery

The solution emerged by chance while I was writing in this same blog about a commemorative watch for the 10th anniversary of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant.

The History of the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant

The Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe and one of the ten largest in the world. Located near the city of Enerhodar in Ukraine, its construction began in 1980, and the first reactor was commissioned in 1984. The plant consists of six VVER-1000 reactors, each with a production capacity of 1,000 megawatts, making the total capacity of the plant 6,000 megawatts.

The plant has been a symbol of technological and industrial progress for the Soviet Union and, subsequently, for independent Ukraine. Over the years, it has played a crucial role in supplying electricity to the country and the surrounding region.

The Meaning of the Dial

Thanks to this discovery, the mysterious dial now has a solution. It is one of the Raketa commemorative watches for the 10th anniversary of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant.

The black silhouette represents the buildings housing the nuclear reactors. In the photo below, it is possible to see how they have a dome on top and, next to it, a lower building, probably housing the steam turbines. The building containing the reactor also has a particular shape that mirrors the silhouette on the watch dial.

The vertical yellow and black rays crossing the black silhouette probably represent nuclear energy or energy in general.

The Plant’s Timeline

As evidenced by the timeline on the official website of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, the first nuclear reactor was commissioned in 1984, and subsequent reactors were completed in 1994.

The Current Situation in 2024

In 2024, the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant remains a focal point not only for Ukraine but also for the international community, especially due to the geopolitical situation in the region. For updated information, you can visit the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) website, which monitors the safety and operation of nuclear power plants globally.

The mysterious dial is thus a tribute to the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, a detail that enriches the history of this particular Raketa watch model. This piece is a fascinating example of how everyday objects can hold deep stories and meanings, linked to significant moments in industrial and technological history.

Pobeda Sputnik 1: A Commemorative Space Watch

russian watch Pobeda 45 years Baikonur

Introduction to the Watch

The Pobeda Zim commemorative watch for the 45th anniversary of the Sputnik I launch is a timepiece of great historical and technical significance. This unique piece not only celebrates a significant milestone in the history of space exploration but also embodies the skill and innovation of Soviet watchmaking.

The Dial and Its Symbols

The blue dial of the watch features a series of symbols and images closely linked to the Sputnik I mission. At the top, below the 12 o’clock marker, we see the double-headed crowned eagle, a significant emblem representing the power and authority of the Soviet nation. At 10 o’clock, the Cyrillic inscription “45 лет” (45 years) marks the anniversary of the mission​ (Wikipedia)​​ (VintageDuMarko)​.

Proceeding to 2 o’clock, there is an image of Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite launched into space. This central symbol celebrates the beginning of the space age and the Soviet ingenuity that made this historic event possible.

Historical Context: Sputnik I

The launch of Sputnik I on October 4, 1957, marked a crucial moment in the history of space exploration. It was the first artificial satellite to orbit the Earth, signaling the start of the space race, a technological competition between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. The satellite remained in orbit for three weeks before its batteries died, and then for another two months before re-entering the Earth’s atmosphere​ (Wikipedia)​​ (VintageDuMarko)​​ (WatchUSeek Watch Forums)​.

The R-7 Semërka Rocket

In addition to Sputnik, the dial features a stylized image of the R-7 Semërka rocket, which launched Sputnik I into orbit. The R-7 was the first intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) and a significant technological achievement for the Soviet Union. This rocket was later used to launch Sputnik 2, carrying the first living being into space, the dog Laika​ (Wikipedia)​​ (VintageDuMarko)​.

The Movement of the Watch

The Pobeda Zim 2602 movement, powering this commemorative watch, is known for its simplicity and reliability. This mechanical movement, with a fixed python and a shock-resistant jewel, reflects the robustness and practicality of Soviet engineering​ (Wix site)​​ (Soviet Watch Gallery)​.


This Pobeda Zim watch is not just a timepiece, but a piece of history that celebrates a fundamental event in space exploration and world history. The combination of symbols and technical details on the dial offers a visual narrative of the Soviet technological triumph and its lasting impact on the world.

Links for Further Reading

  1. Wikipedia: Sputnik 1
  2. Wikipedia: R-7 (missile)
  3. YouTube: R-7 Rocket Launch
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